Comparison of intraocular pressure and retinal nerve fibre layer thickness in pre-menopausal and post-menopausal women attending outpatient department of BSMMU

Authors

  • Shaila Rahman Department of Community Ophthalmology, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • Md Sharfuddin Ahmed Department of Community Ophthalmology, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • Md Showkat Kabir Department of Community Ophthalmology, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • Nirupam Chowdhury Department of Community Ophthalmology, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • Mohammed Moinul Hoque Department of Community Ophthalmology, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • Muhammad Mahbub Hossain Department of Community Ophthalmology, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • Shah Noor Hassan Department of Ophthalmology, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • Shish Rahman Department of Community Ophthalmology, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • Nusaffarin Khan Department of Community Ophthalmology, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • Sharmin Jahan Department of Community Ophthalmology, BSMMU, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bsmmuj.v15i2.60855

Keywords:

Intraocular pressure, Re!nal nerve fibre thickness, Glucoma

Abstract

In a menopausal lady, a reduced level of estrogen hormone leads to changes in the intraocular pressure (IOP) and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in the eyes. This comparative study was carried out in the Outpatient Departments (OPD) of the Community Ophthalmology and Ophthalmology of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, from April 2017 to June 2019 to identify any difference in IOP and RNFL thickness in pre-menopausal and post-menopausal women aged 40-65 years. In this study, 60 pre-and post-menopausal women were included. Participants 40-50 years old with irregular menstruation were classified as group A, while those 51-65 years old with no menstruation for at least 12 months were classified as group B. More than one-fourth (26.7%) of participants had HTN in group A and 53.3% in group B. HTN was significantly associated with group B. The rise in menopausal age had a significant impact on the mean IOP and RNFL. The mean IOP in right eye (RE) was 11.80 (3.31) mm of Hg in Group A and 15.63 (3.01) mm of Hg in Group B. The mean IOP in left eye (LE) was 12.27(3.78) mm of Hg and 15.47(2.84) mm of Hg in Group A and Group B, respectively. The mean IOP of both eyes was 12.03±3.48 mmHg in Group A and 15.55±2.82 mmHg in Group B. The mean difference of IOP in RE, LE and both were statistically significant between the two groups. The mean RNFL in RE was 103.97±7.42 μm in Group A and 98.90±}6.21 μm in Group B. The mean RNFL in LE was 101.87±6.69 μm and 97.97±6.65 μm in Group A and Group B, respectively. The mean RNFL of both eyes was 102.92±7.77 μm in Group A and 98.45±7.86 μm in Group B. The mean RNFL was statistically significant between the two groups. Post-menopausal women are at an increased risk of developing elevated IOP and thin RNFL than premenopausal women.

BSMMU J 2022; 15(2): 61-64

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Published

2023-01-16

How to Cite

Rahman, S. ., Ahmed, M. S. ., Kabir, M. S. ., Chowdhury, N. ., Hoque, M. M. ., Hossain, M. M. ., Hassan, S. N. ., Rahman, S., Khan, N. ., & Jahan, S. (2023). Comparison of intraocular pressure and retinal nerve fibre layer thickness in pre-menopausal and post-menopausal women attending outpatient department of BSMMU. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal, 15(2), 61–64. https://doi.org/10.3329/bsmmuj.v15i2.60855

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