Copyright and Permission


The authors hold the copyright© of the published articles in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) licence. If the submitted article contains material already protected by prior copyright, the corresponding author must obtain written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the material in the article, which should be submitted to the journal's editorial office.

The author must also ensure that the article does not violate the privacy rights of any individual(s) or entities, contains no defamatory content, and that all factual statements are accurate and based on sound research. Furthermore, the author must affirm that following any procedure or treatment described in the article would not cause harm if done in accordance with the article's instructions and warnings.

In the event of any breach of these warranties, the corresponding author is liable to compensate the journal for any associated costs, expenses, or damages. Additionally, the corresponding author releases the journal's Editor(s)-in-Chief and the Editorial Board and Team from any legal liability pertaining to statements made in the manuscript, including but not limited to intentional or unintentional errors, omissions, copyright issues, or plagiarism. This release may also extend to third parties as deemed appropriate by the journal.

If the article contains material from other copyrighted sources or includes images or videos in which individuals or other identifiable features are recognizable, the author must inform the journal's Editorial Office during the submission process.


The author is responsible for obtaining clearance, and if necessary, making payments to obtain permission to reproduce copyrighted material for print and online publication in perpetuity. Written evidence of securing such permissions from the right holders must be provided to the editors. Additionally, the author must include acknowledgments as required by relevant institutions. 

BSMMU Journals' content is published under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0). CC BY-NC articles allow the author, and any non-commercial bodies, to reuse the material for non-commercial uses in any other way they choose, subject to being in accordance with the CC-BY-NC licence, without acquiring permission from BSMMU Journal.

CC BY-NC articles can be identified by the following statement that appears at the end of the article:

“This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:”