Patterns of post endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) complications- experience from an university hospital
In the treatment of common bile duct stones and palliative decompression of malignant strictures, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is the gold standard. However, there are still concerns about procedure-related complications and patient discom- fort. To evaluate the pattern of the post ERCP complications. This prospective observational study was conducted at the Department of Gastroenterology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka from February 2017 to October 2017. A total of one hundred patients who were eligible for ERCP were included in this study but five patients were excluded due to cannulation failure. Clinical examination , biochemical, and radiological investigation were performed before and after ERCP to assess the complication that occurred. The majority of patients in this study were under the age of 50, with a mean age of 49.74 }14.07 years between the ages of 18 and 80 years. Males (54.7%) were predominant than female (45.3%) and male to female ratio was 1.21:1. The most common diagnosis was choledocholithiasis (58.9%) followed by proximal cholangiocarcinoma (13.7%), Carcinoma-gallbladder with biliary infiltration (8.4%), Distal cholangiocarcinoma (6.3%), Chronic calcific pancreatitis and Periampullary carcinoma each (3.2%), Suspected SOD & Chronic pancreatitis each (2.1%) and Worm in CBD and benign biliary stricture each (1.1%). In this study, the overall post-ERCP complication rate was 12.6% with pancreatitis accounting for 9.4%, bleeding accounting for 2.1%, and cholangitis accounting for 2.1%. From the study data it can be concluded that pancreatitis is the most frequent Post-ERCP complication.
BSMMU J 2022; 15(1): 50-53
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Copyright (c) 2022 Md Rehan Habib, Farid Ahmed, Md Sarower Islam, Subarna Saha, S M Ishaque, Dewan Saifuddin Ahmed
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