Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal 2020-04-01T13:16:40+00:00 Mir Misbahuddin Open Journal Systems <p>A quarterly, single-blinded peer-reviewed, open-access journal of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Please submit your manuscript online. Each manuscript will be published immediately after acceptance.</p> <p>The journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors’ recommendations for the conduct, reporting, editing and publication of scholarly work in medical journals.</p> <p>The online version of the journal is available in HINARI, <a href="">Directory of Open Access Journals</a>, Directory of Open Access Scholarly Resources, Journals for Free, WorldCat, Ingenta Connect, University of Toronto Libraries, University of New York Health Science Library, Wageningen University and Research, Genamics Journal Seek, SafetyLit, University of Saskatchewan, University of New South Wales Sydney Library, Princeton University Library. Research articles are available in ResearchGate.</p> Compound isolated from the cock’s comb and its effect on palmar arsenical keratosis 2020-04-01T13:16:39+00:00 Hazera Sharmin Mir Misbahuddin <p>This study was conducted to confirm the effectiveness of the ointment containing cock’s comb extract and to identify the compound that was effective in the treatment of palmar arsenical keratosis. On the basis of inclusion and exclusion criteria, 24 patients with moderate to severe palmar arsenical keratosis were enrolled from an arsenic endemic area. The ointment prepared from the cock’s comb extract was supplied to each patient at an interval of 2 weeks. Each patient was advised to apply the ointment on the nodule by rubbing gently up to 5 minutes and twice daily for 12 weeks. Improvement was monitored by measuring the nodular size before starting and after completion of the treatment. The mean (± SD) size of the nodules of the palm before treatment was 16.6 ± 5.0 mm<sup>2</sup>, which was reduced to 4.0 ± 3.8 mm<sup>2</sup> after completion of the treatment. This reduction was statistically significant. To identify the effective compound nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, infrared spectrophotometry, elemental analysis and liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy of the extract were done yet conclusion could not be achieved.</p> 2020-02-19T13:01:13+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Maternal serum progesterone level in preeclampsia 2020-04-01T13:16:38+00:00 Shiuly Chowdhury Jannatul Ferdous Khadiza Nurun Nahar Sharmeen Mahmood <p>This study was performed to find out a relationship between the levels of progesterone with (n=30) and without (n=48) preeclampsia. The age and body mass index of the participants along with their gestational age, gravidity and parity were harmonized. The serum progesterone and serum androgens such as total testosterone, free testosterone, and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate levels were investigated. The results revealed that although the serum progesterone level was significantly low among the participants with preeclampsia (182.7 ± 29.4 vs 281.7 ±16.2 ng/mL; p&lt;0.001) but the total and free testosterone levels were found to be significantly higher than the healthy normotensive participants (2.5 ± 0.6 vs. 1.9 ± 0.1 nmol/dL; p= 0.041 and 2.2 ± 0.3 vs. 1.4 ± 0.2 pg/mL, respectively, p=0.035). In conclusion, the serum progesterone level was low in pregnant women having preeclampsia.</p> 2020-02-19T13:06:55+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Age-related cardiovascular response to tilt test in healthy volunteers of both sexes 2020-04-01T13:16:37+00:00 Sadia Afrin Rimi Sultana Ferdousi Shamima Sultana <p>This study aimed to assess the age-related changes in the cardiovascular response to tilt test in 90 healthy individuals of both sexes (age range: 18-60 years). Tilting was done at 60<sup>0</sup> for 10 min using a motorized tilt table. The blood pressure was recorded by a sphygmomanometer. The heart rate and peripheral capillary oxygen saturation were measured by a pulse oximeter. In males, significantly lesser changes in the systolic, diastolic and mean arterial pressure were observed in the old age (47-60 years) than the young (18-32 years) and middle age (33-46 years) groups. Significantly lesser responses in the heart rate and systolic blood pressure change were observed in the old age females compared to young age after tilting. The rise of diastolic blood pressure after tilting was lesser in the old age female compared to both young and middle-age females. In conclusion, the aging process is associated with attenuated cardiovascular response to tilt test in both males and females.</p> 2020-02-19T13:14:46+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A 15-year-old boy presented with large cerebriform hyperpigmented plaque over scalp 2020-04-01T13:16:40+00:00 Yasmin Ara Zaman Shourav Dutta Swarna Tribedi A. T. M. Asaduzzaman Harasit Kumar Paul Bishnu Pada Dey Md. Nazrul Islam <p>This article has no abstract. The first 100 words appear below:</p> <p>A 15-year-old boy 4<sup>th</sup> issue of a non-consanguineous parents presented with a history of multiple plaques and patches on the scalp, trunk, upper and lower extremities since birth. Initially, the plaques and patches were smaller in sizes, dark brown in color, painless and non-pruritic. Since 4<sup>th</sup> year of his age, these plaques start increasing in size and color turned into black gradually.&nbsp;The lesion on the scalp became a giant cerebriform plaque that involved left parietal region. Lesions on the trunk, upper and lower extremities became polysized and polyshaped hyperpigmented papules and nodules.</p> 2020-02-19T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A 12-year-old boy presented with jaundice, abdominal distension and leg edema 2020-04-01T13:16:36+00:00 Md. Benzamin Rafiqul Islam Nahid E Subha Fahmida Begum <p>This article has no abstract. The first 100 words appear below:</p> <p>A 12-year-old immunized boy, 3<sup>rd</sup> issue of consanguineous parents, presented with jaundice for the last 4 months and gradual abdominal distension for last 2 months. Mother also mentioned the swelling of both ankles for the same duration. He had anorexia, nausea and generalized weakness. There was no history of previous jaundice, blood transfusion, surgical procedure, history of taking offending drugs, no family history of liver disease, deterioration of school performance or neuropsychiatric manifestations, bleeding manifestations, behavioral abnormality, altered consciousness or convulsion.</p> 2020-02-19T13:44:39+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A 22-month-old boy with painless swelling of the left side of face 2020-04-01T13:16:34+00:00 Mahmuda Akther Ashik Abdullah Imon Ryfat Hossain Sheikh Mahbub-Us Sobhan Golam Haider <p>This article has no abstract. The first 100 words appear below:</p> <p>A 22- month-old boy came to the outpatient Depart-ment of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University with the complaints of painless swelling on the left side of the face since birth. Initially, it was small but gradually increased in size. On examination, there was a soft, non-tender, non-pulsatile swelling on the left side of the face causing facial asymmetry, causing the nose and upper lip to deviate to the opposite side.&nbsp;It extended from the left-sided upper eyelid to the lower border of the mandible of the same side, which is around 7 x 4 cm in size with diffuse border.</p> 2020-02-19T13:52:02+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A 28-year-old pregnant woman with severe toothache 2020-04-01T13:16:33+00:00 Md. Joynal Abdin Mozammal Hossain <p>This article has no abstract. The first 100 words appear below:</p> <p>A 28-year-old woman came with severe pain on the lower left quadrant of the mouth. She already had an orthopantomogram (panoramic view) of six months back which showed a dislodged temporary filling on the lower left second premolar. The woman also told that she had six weeks of pregnancy. The patient also stated that she had pain and sensitivity on the same tooth&nbsp;at about one year back and went to a local dental surgeon. The dental surgeon at that time put a filling on that tooth.&nbsp;For three days, she could not sleep at night due to pain in that region.</p> 2020-02-19T13:58:48+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## An 11-year-old boy with chronic diarrhea and weight loss 2020-04-01T13:16:32+00:00 Maimuna Sayeed Nazmul Hassan Md. Rukunuzzaman Bishnu Pada Dey <p>This article has no abstract. The first 100 words appear below:</p> <p>An 11-year-old boy presented with 15 months history of diarrhea with up to 10-20 times small volume stool daily with mucus. It was associated with a feeling of incomplete defecation and excessive straining. The frequency of diarrhea increased to 20-30 times per day over the last 8 months. Subsequently, he developed fecal incontinence, for which he couldn't attend his school. He also had a history of significant weight loss in the last 7 months. According to his mother's statement, his body weight was reduced to 64 kg from 77 kg during this illness.</p> 2020-02-19T14:05:57+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A 34-year-old male with pain and mobility of upper left lateral incisor tooth 2020-04-01T13:16:31+00:00 Sageer Ahmed Chowdhury Afrina Parvin Mozammal Hossain <p>This article has no abstract. The first 100 words appear below:</p> <p>A 34-year-old male attended with mild pain during mastication and slight mobility on the upper left lateral incisor tooth for 2 months. He gave the history of trauma on the offending tooth 3 years ago and for this he visited to a local dentist 2 weeks ago but did not get any relief after treatment. On clinical examination, the tooth was non vital, tender to percussion with 2 degree mobility, not associated with any swelling and discharge.&nbsp;Pre-operative radiograph revealed obliteration of pulp chamber, area of rarefaction associated near the apex of upper left lateral incisor tooth, cervical radiolucency indicating the loss of periodontal structures and about 5 mm separated fragment of instrument in the coronal third of the root canal.</p> 2020-02-19T14:12:32+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##