Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal 2019-11-21T13:09:21+00:00 Mir Misbahuddin Open Journal Systems <p>A quarterly, single-blinded peer-reviewed, open-access journal of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Please submit your manuscript online. Each manuscript will be published immediately after acceptance.</p> <p>The journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors’ recommendations for the conduct, reporting, editing and publication of scholarly work in medical journals.</p> <p>The online version of the journal is available in HINARI, <a href="">Directory of Open Access Journals</a>, Directory of Open Access Scholarly Resources, Journals for Free, WorldCat, Ingenta Connect, University of Toronto Libraries, University of New York Health Science Library, Wageningen University and Research, Genamics Journal Seek, SafetyLit, University of Saskatchewan, University of New South Wales Sydney Library, Princeton University Library. Research articles are available in ResearchGate.</p> Dhaka Stress Scale-Adult: A scale for assessing psychosocial stressors among adults 2019-11-21T13:09:21+00:00 Mohammad S. I. Mullick Sultana Algin Monirul Islam Adrian Phillipson Jhunu S. Nahar Nahid Mahjabin Morshed Hafizur Rahman Chowdhury Selina Fatema Binte Shahid <p>Stress is an integral part of daily life and inevitable. This study was aimed to produce a culturally validated scale for measuring stressful life events of adults in Bangladesh and formulate the relative life change units of each event. The study used qualitative research, including a focus group and questionnaire, as well as quantitative statistical analysis in the validation process. Researchers first developed a provisional scale with 62 items that were translated in Bangla through a translation exercise. Using an open-ended question along with this provisional scale on 518 (260 rated on imagination and 258 on experience) subjects, researchers developed Dhaka Stress Scale-Adult with 58 items and the predictive interpretation of the overall score was made. Content validity was found excellent as I-CVI was 1 except 3 items and S-CVI was 0.91. In factor analysis on the two-factor model, no item had salient loading on more than one factor and there were 3 items failed to load on either factor. The correlation coefficient was 0.84 between this scale and the Presumptive Stressful Life Events Scale. In term of reliability, Cronbach’s alpha values were ranging from 0.53-0.88. The scale is simple to administer to assess stress and usable for both clinical and research purpose.</p> 2019-10-02T13:51:31+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Pharmacology education in the perspective of pharmaceutical promotion: Bangladesh experience 2019-11-21T13:09:20+00:00 Fatema Johora Md. Sayedur Rahman <p>The medical practice has become complex and challenging because of the entry of newer medicines and technologies. The key objective of pharmacology teaching-learning activities is to make graduates enable to select medicines by appraising safety, efficacy, cost and suitability. Promotional activities conducted by pharmaceutical industries deleteriously affect physicians’ prescribing practice. The present research was conducted with an attempt to explore current academic documents related to Pharmacology education in Bangladesh. The curriculum (pharmacology portion of undergraduate medical curriculum), books of pharmacology (preferred by the pharmacologists), and written question papers (of last five years from all universities) were evaluated by searching certain key phrases. The curriculum of undergraduate course did not give adequate emphasis on issues related to the pharmaceutical promotion. Ethical issues and ‘critical appraisal skill’ are not mentioned in the pharmacology books, and not appear in the written examinations.</p> 2019-10-02T14:16:45+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wear of nanohybrid and microfilled composite resin in occlusal restoration of first permanent molar tooth 2019-11-21T13:09:19+00:00 Syeda Tarana Tabassum Mozammal Hossain M. A. Gafur Hasan Ali Md. Joynal Abdin Md. Ali Asgor Moral <p>This study compared the wear of nanohybrid and microfilled composite restorative material in occlusal restoration of first permanent molar tooth. In total, 60 first permanent molar teeth having carious lesion without any clinical and radiological indication of pulpal involvement, removal of carious dental hard tissues was performed using round carbide bur and a class I cavity was prepared, rinsed with water and then dried with gentle air. These cavities were filled with either nanohybrid or microfilled composite resin by simple random sampling by lottery method. All teeth were subjected to clinical qualitative and quantitative wear test at baseline, 3, 6 and 9 months observation period. The quantitative wear was analyzed by profile meter. The results showed that the wear depth of microfilled was significant than the nanofilled composite resin. It can be concluded that quantitative wear of microfilled had greater wear than that of nanohybrid composite restorations.</p> 2019-10-02T14:36:58+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effects of intralesional platelet-rich plasma in the patients with lateral epicondylitis of elbow 2019-11-21T13:09:18+00:00 Mohammad Tariqul Islam M. A. Shakoor Afsana Mahjabin Md. Ali Emran <p>Lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow) is a major cause of musculoskeletal pain involving common extensor origin of the forearm. This study was done to determine the effects of platelet-rich plasma on 15 patients with lateral epicondylitis. Selected patients were given intralesional platelet-rich plasma injection, activity of daily living instructions and paracetamol. Patients were assessed every 14 days interval by visual analogue scale, and the patient rated tennis elbow evaluation. Treatment response according to visual analogue scale and patient rated tennis elbow evaluation tool, the difference of improvement was found in respect to time, from pretreatment W1 (just before 1<sup>st</sup> Intervention) score to W11 score in every alternate week (p&lt;0.005). This indicates that intralesional platelet-rich plasma is effective in the patients with lateral epicondylitis of elbow.</p> 2019-10-03T00:26:56+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Correlation of serum aspartate aminotransferase level to platelet count ratio index with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease activity score 2019-11-21T13:09:17+00:00 Dulal Chandra Das Shahinul Alam Sheikh Mohammad Noor-E-Alam Mohammed Kamal Forhadul H. Mollah . Mamun-Al-Mahtab <p>In case of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, the ratio of serum aspartate&nbsp; aminotransferase (AST) level to platelet count index has been proposed as a non-invasive and readily available tool for the assessment of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. The study was conducted on 50&nbsp; non-alcoholic fatty liver disease patient (25&nbsp; non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and 25 simple steatosis). The mean (± SD) serum AST level in the non-alcoholic steatohepatitis group&nbsp; was 55.2 ± 30.1 IU/L whereas in simple steatosis group it was 33.6 ± 20.0 IU/L. The mean platelet count in the non-alcoholic steatohepatitis group was 303.1 ± 68.7 x 10<sup>9</sup> /L whereas in the simple steatosis group it was 327.8 ± 66.8 x 10<sup>9</sup>/L. The mean AST platelet ratio index (APRI) score in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis group was 0.5 ± 0.3 and in the simple steatosis group it was 0.3 ± 0.2. In conclusion, the APRI&nbsp; was&nbsp; significantly higher in the non-alcoholic steatohepatitis group than the simple steatosis group.</p> 2019-10-03T05:41:39+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Diagnostic value of ferritin for the severity of dengue infection in children 2019-11-21T13:09:18+00:00 Farzana Ahmed Nargis Ara Begum Md.  Moshiur Rahman Md.  Salim Shakur Shabrina Sharmin <p>Retracted by the Editor-In-Chief</p> 2019-10-03T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A 18-year-old male with radix entomolaris 2019-11-21T13:09:16+00:00 Khondoker Rumon Sageer Ahmed Govind Kumar Chaudhary Mozammal Hossain Md. Mujibur Rahman Howlader Md. Joynal Abdin Md. Ali Asgor Moral Md. Shamsul Alam <p>This article has no abstract. The first 100 words appear below:</p> <p>A 18-year-old boy came with the complaints of mild pain during mastication on the lower right posterior tooth for two weeks. He gave the history of severe pain on offending tooth one month before, which subsided within a few days after taking medication from a local pharmacy. On clinical examination, a deep occlusal caries was present on the lower right first molar tooth. The tooth was tender to the vertical percussion but not associated with any swelling or discharge. The vitality test revealed that the tooth was non-vital. &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2019-10-03T13:38:19+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A 50-year-old woman presented with severe reduction of vision and recurrent pain in right eye following cataract surgery 2019-11-21T13:09:15+00:00 Md. Abdul Khaleque Mohammad Afzal Mahfuzullah Suprokash Sarkar Abir Bin Sajj Md. Shafiqul Islam <p>This article has no abstract. The first 100 words appear below:</p> <p>A 50-year-old female, hailing from Patuakhali, was admitted at the Department of Ophthalmology for the management of severe reduction of vision and pain at the right eye for the last 7 months following cataract surgery at a government hospital. Her cataract surgery (small incision cataract surgery with PC-IOL implantation) of the right eye was performed on October 28, 2018. On the first post-operative day, she developed pain, redness and severe reduction of vision in the right eye. The following day, she was discharged with the advice of some medications like moxifloxacin, dexamethasone, bromfenac eye drops and oral acetazolamide and potassium.</p> 2019-10-03T14:17:06+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A 14-years old boy having excessive overjet and traumatic bite 2019-11-21T13:09:14+00:00 Salma Aktar Sultana Razia Khanam Mohammad Rafiqul Islam Mahmood Sajedeen Gazi Shamim Hassan <p>This article has no abstract. The first 100 words appear below:</p> <p>A 14-year-old male came to the outpatient Department with the complaints of proclination of the tooth and inability to close his lips. The patient was psychologically depressed for his facial appearance. Extraoral clinical examination showed a mesocephalic symmetrical face with convex facial profile as well as his lower lip was trapped The&nbsp; nasolabial angle was acute. His mandibular movement was normal and there was no temporomandibular joint dysfunction.</p> 2019-10-03T14:28:27+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Abstract of oral and poster presentations of the 2nd University Research Day of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, 2019 2019-10-29T13:05:13+00:00 . . 2019-10-28T13:36:05+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##