Psychiatric Morbidity Among Suicide Attempters Who Needed ICU Intervention

Authors

  • MMA Shalahuddin Qusar Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • Nahid Mahjabin Morshed Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • MD Abul Kalam Azad Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • Md Abdul Kader Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU)
  • Syed Faheem Shams Student, Department of Psychiatry, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • Md Fariduddin Ahmed Student, Department of Psychiatry, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • Mahmudunabi Mohammad Momtazul Haque Student, Department of Psychiatry, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • Md Alal Uddin 5Honorary Medical Officer, Intensive Care Unit, Dhaka Medical College and Hospital
  • Shelina Fatema Binte Shahid 6Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, BSMMU, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bsmmuj.v2i2.4761

Keywords:

Suicide

Abstract

Background: Suicide is a tragic and serious but preventable public health problem all over the world including Bangladesh. Committing suicide has become a burning issue and mortality rate increases especially in young females. Psychiatric evaluation is needed in suicide attempted patients for better management plan to reduce such unnatural mortality, as well as the impairment related to suicidal thought and psychiatric disorders.
Objectives: To assess the psychiatric disorders and conditions that needed sufficient clinical attention among the suicide attempters who needed ICU intervention.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of a private hospital of Dhaka City from July 2008 to December 2008. Total forty four subjects of attempted suicide were included in the study and psychiatric diagnosis was made by using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-IV by psychiatrists after initial physical problems subsided.
Results: The most common psychiatric diagnosis was Major Depressive Disorder. Female suffered more and among them attention-seeking behaviors were frequent. Thirty-four patients (77.3%) had previous history of psychiatric disorder. Chemicals (like; organophosphorous, kerosene, harpic and other medicine overdose) ingestion was the most frequently used method by the suicide attempters.
Conclusion: This study may be helpful for further research regarding suicide attempters and its' association with mental problems. In primary health care setting, the physicians may get a clue to design a system for preventing, early recognition and managing suicidal ideas, thoughts and attempts. Psychiatric consultation should be made mandatory for all patients admitted following attempted suicide.

DOI: 10.3329/bsmmuj.v2i2.4761

BSMMU J 2009; 2(2): 73-77

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
1581
PDF
515

Downloads

How to Cite

Qusar, M. S., Morshed, N. M., Azad, M. A. K., Kader, M. A., Shams, S. F., Ahmed, M. F., Haque, M. M. M., Uddin, M. A., & Shahid, S. F. B. (2010). Psychiatric Morbidity Among Suicide Attempters Who Needed ICU Intervention. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal, 2(2), 73–77. https://doi.org/10.3329/bsmmuj.v2i2.4761

Issue

Section

Original Articles