Healing of periapical lesion with mineral trioxide aggregate apexification
Keywords:Apexification, Mineral trioxide aggregate, Periapical
In the present study, the ability of mineral trioxide aggregate in the formation of apical plug for healing of large periapical lesion with open apex was assessed and evaluated the clinical outcome. Fifteen participants with periapical lesion at the upper anterior teeth with open apex were treated with mineral trioxide aggregate. The effect on healing of apical size was evaluated at 3, 6, and 12 months by radiological examinations in the form of periapical index criteria, diameter of the lesion size and the presence or absence of apical tissue barrier. The results found that neither pain nor any sinus was detected at 12 months. The mean size of the apical lesion was gradually reduced from 5.1 × 3.8 to 1.5 × 0.9 mm and mean PAI was reduced from 3.3 to 1.7 mm. The differences between mean size of periapical lesion at preoperative and 12 months observation period was also statistically significant (p<0.05). The clinical success shown significant success rate of 93.3% analyzed with Z-test. In conclusion, tooth with open apex can be successfully treated with mineral trioxide aggregate apexification technique followed by root canal obturation.