Mandibular Deformity Correction by Distraction Osteogenesis

  • Md Asaduzzaman Research Assistant, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, BSMMU
  • Quazi Billur Rahman Associate Professor, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, BSMMU
  • Shahid Aziz Associate Professor, University Medicine & Dentistry of New Jersey
  • Morshed Asadullah Sikder Medical Officer, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • Mahmuda Akhter Assistant Professor, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • Selim ul-Azam Trainee, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, BSMMU, Dhaka
Keywords: Mandibular deformity

Abstract

Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is a biological process of new bone formation. It could be used as an alternative treatment method for the correction of mandibular hypoplastic deformity. Modern distraction osteogenesis evolved primarily from the work of Gavriel llizarov. DO has been first applied to craniofacial region since McCarthy et al. In this case report, the patient was 17 years old male with bird face deformity due to hypoplasia of mandible resulted from bilateral TMJ ankylosis due to the fracture of both condyle at the age of 4 years. Patient’s intraincisal opening was absent 1 year back. He underwent condylectomy in both sides to release the ankylosis and to increase intraincisal opening. His mandibular length was markedly short. To increase his mandibular antero-posterior length, mandibular body distraction was done in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery department, BSMMU. Through this procedure length of the body of mandibule was increased by 10 mm, occlusion was edge to edge and his lower facial appearance increased markedly. Mandibular body distraction osteogenesis was considerably effective when performed in a hypoplastic mandible to facilitate post-operative functional and esthetic restoration. Long term follow-up is necessary to evaluate relapse and complications.

DOI: 10.3329/bsmmuj.v3i2.7061

BSMMU J 2010; 3(2): 103-106

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
627
PDF
1072
How to Cite
Asaduzzaman, M., Rahman, Q., Aziz, S., Sikder, M., Akhter, M., & ul-Azam, S. (1). Mandibular Deformity Correction by Distraction Osteogenesis. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal, 3(2), 103-106. https://doi.org/10.3329/bsmmuj.v3i2.7061
Section
Case Reports