Association between Retinal Microvascular Changes and Severity of Coronary Heart Disease in Hypertensive Patients

Authors

  • Abu Baqar Md Jamil Department of Cardiology, Shaheed Ziaur Rahman Medical College, Bogura, Bangladesh
  • Khaled Mohammad Iqbal Department of Cardiology, Central Police Hospital, Rajarbag, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Mohammad Ashraf Hossain Department of Cardiology, Colonel Malek Medical College & Hospital, Manikganj, Bangladesh
  • Khandaker Harun or Rashid Department of Cardiology, 250 Bedded General Hospital, Tangail, Bangladesh
  • Md Tufazzal Hossen Department of Cardiology, Sheikh Hasina Medical College, Jamalpur, Bangladesh
  • Alok Chandra Sarker Department of Cardiology, Shaheed Ziaur Rahman Medical College, Bogura, Bangladesh
  • Md Shahadat Hossain Department of Cardiology, Shaheed Ziaur Rahman Medical College, Bogura, Bangladesh
  • Mrinal Kanti Das Department of Cardiology, MAG Osmani Medical College, Sylhet, Bangladesh
  • Syed Ali Ahsan Department of Cardiology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/uhj.v18i2.62688

Keywords:

Coronary Heart Disease

Abstract

Background : The prevalence of coronary artery disease is increasing day by day. In many cases it is undiagnosed. Hypertension is one of the risk factors of coronary artery disease. Hypertension also causes some changes in retina which is easy to diagnose in clinical practice. So the aim of this study is to predict coronary artery disease by seeing hypertensive retinal changes.

Methods: A total of 100 patients with hypertension presenting to the emergency department with ischemic chest pain who underwent coronary angiography were studied. Presence or absence of coronary artery disease was determined. Optic fundi were assessed for hypertensive retinopathy which were photographed.

Results: Mean ± SD age of the study population was 56.23±10.76 years. There were 75 men (75%) and 25 women (25%). Prevalence of coronary artery disease and hypertensive retinopathy were 84% and 44% respectively. There was association between coronary artery disease and retinopathy (P< 0.017). Age (P= 0.019), smoking (P=0.011) and dyslipidaemia (0.039) were identified as risk factors for coronary artery disease.

Conclusion: Important observations from this study are that hypertensive retinopathy has an association with coronary artery disease. Retinal change can be used in predicting coronary artery disease in patients with hypertension which can be used as screening tool for diagnosing coronary artery disease in resource poor settings.

University Heart Journal 2022; 18(2): 93- 97

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Published

2022-11-08

How to Cite

Jamil, A. B. M. ., Iqbal, K. M. ., Hossain, M. A. ., Rashid, K. H. or, Hossen, M. T. ., Sarker, A. C. ., Hossain, M. S. ., Das, M. K. ., & Ahsan, S. A. . (2022). Association between Retinal Microvascular Changes and Severity of Coronary Heart Disease in Hypertensive Patients. University Heart Journal, 18(2), 93–97. https://doi.org/10.3329/uhj.v18i2.62688

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Section

Original Articles