Heart disease and COVID-19

  • Prabir Kumar Das Department of Cardiology, Chattogram Medical College, Chittagong
  • Fazlur Rahman Department of Cardiology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka
Keywords: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS), Non-ST-Segment elevated myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI), Unstable angina (UA).

Abstract

Background:Many patients with coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) have pre-existing heart disease or develop various cardiac complications during the disease. Understanding the relationship between heart disease and COVID-19 is necessary for optimum management of such condition.

Methods: Literature search done by using Google search engines and PubMed.

Results: Heart involvement occurs in approximately 8-12% of all patients. Acute cardiac injury, as evident by a significant cardiac troponin elevation is the commonest abnormality. Myocarditis, type II myocardial infarction, heart failure, arrhythmia are other cardiac menifestations that are less common. Pre-existing heart disease and/or involvement of the heart by COVID-19 carries worse prognosis.

Conclusion: Most of the reports currently available describes cardiac menifestations briefly. Further study may reveal more clearly the various aspects of cardiac menifestations in COVID-19 patients.

University Heart Journal Vol. 17, No. 1, Jan 2021; 60-65

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Abstract
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Published
2020-12-21
How to Cite
Das, P., & Rahman, F. (2020). Heart disease and COVID-19. University Heart Journal, 17(1), 60-65. https://doi.org/10.3329/uhj.v17i1.50883
Section
Review Articles