Outcome of coronary endarterectomy with off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting: A retrospective study

  • Redoy Ranjan Department of Cardiac Surgery, Faculty of Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shahbag, Dhaka
  • Asit Baran Adhikary Department of Cardiac Surgery, Faculty of Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shahbag, Dhaka
Keywords: Coronary endarterectomy, Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting

Abstract

In this study, we assessed the outcome of surgical revascularization technique, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with or without coronary endarterectomy for patients with diffuse coronary artery disease in a single surgeons practice on 2,189 patients from January 2009 and December 2016. The variables like intubation time, ICU stay, postoperative myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, renal impairment, stroke and ICU mortality were compared. Among these patients, 1,000 patients required coronary endarterectomy in addition to off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG). Initially, the mortality and incidence of postoperative blood transfusion were higher in the group of patients who had coronary endarterectomy in addition to CABG. However, postoperative combined use of heparin, warfarin and double anti-platelet agent was associated with decreased mortality significantly in our study. In comparison to other group, the patients in the combined coronary endarterectomy with CABG group had a higher incidence of male sex, past myocardial infarction and poor left ventricular function. Total myocardial revascularization is attainable when coronary endarterectomy is performed in addition to off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery in diffuse coronary artery disease.

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Published
2017-09-09
How to Cite
Ranjan, R., & Adhikary, A. (2017). Outcome of coronary endarterectomy with off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting: A retrospective study. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal, 10(3), 189-194. https://doi.org/10.3329/bsmmuj.v10i3.33909
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Original Articles