Retinopathy of prematurity and its association with neonatal factors

Authors

  • Mohammod Shahidullah Department of Neonatology, Faculty of Medicine, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shahbag, Dhaka
  • Arjun Chandra Dey Department of Neonatology, Faculty of Medicine, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shahbag, Dhaka
  • Firoz Ahmed Department of Neonatology, Faculty of Medicine, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shahbag, Dhaka
  • Ismat Jahan Department of Neonatology, Faculty of Medicine, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shahbag, Dhaka
  • Sanjoy Kumer Dey Department of Neonatology, Faculty of Medicine, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shahbag, Dhaka
  • Nuzhat Choudhury Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shahbag, Dhaka
  • M. A. Mannan Department of Neonatology, Faculty of Medicine, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shahbag, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bsmmuj.v10i1.30559

Keywords:

Neonate, Prematurity, Retinopathy

Abstract

Retinopathy of prematurity is considered as an important cause of blindness. This prospective study was undertaken to document the frequency and the associated factors of retinopathy of prematurity among 97 preterm newborn weighing <2000 g and/or with a gestation of <35 weeks. The first eye examination was performed by an ophthalmologist at 4 weeks of postnatal age for the infants born at ?30 weeks of gestation or birth weight ?1200 g and at 3 weeks of postnatal age for the infants <30 weeks of gestation or birth weight <1200 g. The overall incidence of retinopathy of prematurity was 23.7%. Premature newborn with retinopathy was having significant low mean birth weight (p=0.001) and the mean gestational age (p=<0.001) when compared with newborns without retinopathy of prematurity. Newborns with retinopathy of prematurity were requiring a longer duration of oxygen (p=0.005) than that of non-retinopathy of prematurity newborns. Logistic regression shows the duration of oxygen in the hospital and lower gestational age were independent risk factors of retinopathy of prematurity. Prematurity and longer duration of oxygen administration were the risk factors for the development of retinopathy of prematurity.

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Author Biographies

Mohammod Shahidullah, Department of Neonatology, Faculty of Medicine, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shahbag, Dhaka

Professor

Ismat Jahan, Department of Neonatology, Faculty of Medicine, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shahbag, Dhaka

Medical Officer

M. A. Mannan, Department of Neonatology, Faculty of Medicine, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shahbag, Dhaka

Professor

Published

2017-02-23

How to Cite

Shahidullah, M., Dey, A. C., Ahmed, F., Jahan, I., Dey, S. K., Choudhury, N., & Mannan, M. A. (2017). Retinopathy of prematurity and its association with neonatal factors. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal, 10(1), 1–4. https://doi.org/10.3329/bsmmuj.v10i1.30559

Issue

Section

Original Articles