Determination of breeding season of endangered riverine catfish rita (Rita rita Hamilton, 1822) by studying ovarian development and Gonado-Somatic-Index

Authors

  • ML Rahman Department of Fisheries Biology & Genetics, Bangladesh Agricultural University; Mymensingh-2202
  • MFA Mollah Department of Fisheries Biology & Genetics, Bangladesh Agricultural University; Mymensingh-2202

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jbau.v11i2.19938

Keywords:

Histology, Rita rita, Gonad, Gonado-somatic index

Abstract

Rita rita is an endangered riverine catfish having high market and nutritive values. The histological process of ovaries of Rita rita were performed to determine the breeding season for facilitating the artificial breeding in controlled environment. Fish were sampled monthly from the Brahmaputra River adjacent to Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU), Mymensingh. The average Gonado-Somatic Index (GSI) ranged from 0.14 to 0.60 with the highest GSI value of 0.60 in July. The highest fecundity of 60114±3207.88 was found in the fish having length of 38.91±0.59 cm and weight of 1081.35±74.52 g. In contrast, the lowest fecundity was 37307.2±154.57 having length of 31.98±1.63 cm and weight of 810.87±49.75 g. The fecundity was found to increase with the increase of total length, body weight and the ovary weight and the relationship was linear and significant among them. Six developmental stages of ovaries were observed and categorized as the synchronous group. Vitellogenesis began in April with full development of ovaries in July. From this study, it can be presumed that gonadal development of R. rita peaked in July and breeding time within the months of June and July.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/jbau.v11i2.19938

J. Bangladesh Agril. Univ. 11(2): 341-348, 2013

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Published

2014-08-11

How to Cite

Rahman, M., & Mollah, M. (2014). Determination of breeding season of endangered riverine catfish rita (Rita rita Hamilton, 1822) by studying ovarian development and Gonado-Somatic-Index. Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University, 11(2), 341–348. https://doi.org/10.3329/jbau.v11i2.19938

Issue

Section

Fisheries