Canine thoracolumbar intervertebral disk herniation and rehabilitation therapy after surgical decompression: A retrospective study

  • In Seong Jeong Department of Surgery, Royal Royal Animal Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • Zhenglin Piao Department of Veterinary Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonbuk National University, Jeollabuk do, Republic of Korea
  • Md Mahbubur Rahman KNOTUS Co., Ltd., Research Center, Incheon, Republic of Korea
  • Sehoon Kim Korea Animal Medical Science Institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • Nam Soo Kim Department of Veterinary Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonbuk National University, Jeollabuk do, Republic of Korea
Keywords: Neurologic outcome; neurologic grading; exercise; electrotherapy, infrared therapy.

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of surgical decompression and rehabilitation therapy in dogs with thoracolumbar intervertebral disk herniation (IVDH).

Materials and Methods: After surgery, physiotherapeutic rehabilitation was performed by a combination of electrotherapy, infrared therapy, training for standing, deep tendon reflex, and aquatic treadmill exercise. A total of 186 dogs were selected from the hospital records and included in two groups: the rehabilitated group (RG, n = 96) and non-rehabilitated group (NRG, n = 90). Dogs in each group were subdivided into three groups based on a pre-operative clinical severity grading system and those in grades 2–4 were included in this study. Post-operative neurologic functions, unassisted standing, walking, and the success rate of both groups were evaluated and compared

Results: Overall, 86.46% (83/96) of dogs had a successful neurologic outcome in the RG group, which was significantly (p < 0.01) higher than the NRG group 52.22% (47/90). Interestingly, the success rate differed when the preoperative grading system was considered. The success rates of grades 2, 3, and 4 were 97.14% (34/35), 97.33% (42/45), and 43.75% (7/16), respectively, in the rehabilitated groups, whereas in the non-rehabilitated groups, success rates were 82.35% (28/34), 51.85% (14/27), and 17.24% (5/29), respectively. The differences in success rates among the groups according to grading were 14.79%, 41.48%, and 26.51%, respectively, indicating that the proposed rehabilitation therapy is remarkably advantageous for increasing the success rate.

Conclusion: Rehabilitation therapy after surgical decompression of thoracolumbar IVDH improves neurologic functions and increases the success rate, especially when the preoperative pathological condition is severe.

J. Adv. Vet. Anim. Res., 6(3): 394-402, September 2019

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Published
2019-09-12
How to Cite
Jeong, I. S., Piao, Z., Rahman, M. M., Kim, S., & Kim, N. (2019). Canine thoracolumbar intervertebral disk herniation and rehabilitation therapy after surgical decompression: A retrospective study. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 6(3), 394-402. Retrieved from https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/JAVAR/article/view/43116
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Original Articles