Bovine herpesvirus 1 in the northeast of Algiers, Algeria: Seroprevalence and associated risk factors in dairy herd

  • Abdenour Kaddour Institute of Veterinary Sciences of Blida, Saad Dahleb University, Blida, Algeria
  • Abdallah Bouyoucef Institute of Veterinary Sciences of Blida, Saad Dahleb University, Blida, Algeria
  • Gonzalo Fernandez Laboratory of the Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of University de Santiago de Compostela logo, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
  • Alberto Prieto Laboratory of the Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of University de Santiago de Compostela logo, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
  • Fikremariam Geda Fundamental and Applied Research for Animals & Health (FARAH), Sustainable Animal Production, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium
  • Nassim Moula Fundamental and Applied Research for Animals & Health (FARAH), Sustainable Animal Production, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium
Keywords: Bovine; bovine herpesvirus 1; infectious bovine rhinotracheitis; vulvovaginitis; abortions; risk factors; seroprevalence

Abstract

Objective: The present study was conducted to estimate the seroprevalence and associated risk factors of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) in a dairy herd in the northeast of Algiers, Algeria.

Materials and methods: The target area is in the northeast of Algiers with humid to semi-dry climate and known for its economically important production of cattle. A total of 1,066 randomly selected individual blood samples of dairy herd collected at 120 dairy farms from rural districts of northeast of Algiers were evaluated with antibodies against BoHV-1 using commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits, to determine the BoHV-1 infection status of the herds. A ques­tionnaire submitted to the farmers during collection of the blood samples was used to collect data on potential BoHV-1 associated risk factors.

Results: In the present study, the estimated farm and individual animal BoHV-1 seroprevalence levels were 58.33% and 14.16%, respectively. A logistic regression analysis of the random-effects model revealed that the significant associated risk factors for the present farm and individual ani­mal seroprevalence levels were rural district, cattle introduced to the farm, region, and hygiene.

Conclusion: This study found higher seroprevalence of BoHV-1 in the northeast of Algiers. The results could be used in designing the prevention and control strategy of BoHV-1 in the northeast­ern part of Algeria.

J. Adv. Vet. Anim. Res., 6(1): 60-65, March 2019

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Abstract
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Published
2019-03-31
How to Cite
Kaddour, A., Bouyoucef, A., Fernandez, G., Prieto, A., Geda, F., & Moula, N. (2019). Bovine herpesvirus 1 in the northeast of Algiers, Algeria: Seroprevalence and associated risk factors in dairy herd. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 6(1), 60-65. Retrieved from https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/JAVAR/article/view/40836
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Original Articles