Productive performance, metabolic, and hematologic parameters of pregnant nulliparous rabbit does according to dietary protein level

  • Dahia Saidj Veterinary Sciences Institute, Saad Dahlab University, Blida 1, Algeria
  • Hacina Ainbaziz Laboratory Research “Animals health and Production”, Higher National Veterinary School, Algiers, Algeria
  • Imene Iles Laboratory Research “Animals health and Production”, Higher National Veterinary School, Algiers, Algeria
  • Yamina Dahmani Laboratory Research “Animals health and Production”, Higher National Veterinary School, Algiers, Algeria
  • Jean Luc Hornick Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Liege University, Liege, Belgium
  • Nassim Moula Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Liege University, Liege, Belgium
Keywords: Diet; metabolism; pregnancy; protein content; rabbit doe

Abstract

Objective: This study aims at investigating the productive performance, metabolic, and hemato­logical profiles of Algerian local rabbits does during their first pregnancy and according to dietary protein content.

Materials and methods: A total of 52 nulliparous rabbit does, 3,116 ± 72.9 g live weight, were allocated individually to three groups (17/18 females per group) being on isoenergetic diets [2,600 kcal Digestible Energy (DE)/kg] that differ in their digestible protein content by 15%, 17%, and 19%, respectively, for L, M, and H diets. All these diets were provided ad libitum.

Results: The use of a high protein diet did not affect does weight and feed intake during the preg­nancy period. Statistically, no significant difference (p > 0.05) was recorded in born or alive litter size and birth weight. There was no effect of diet and sampling time (p > 0.05) on plasma metabo­lites but there were significant effects of sampling time (p < 0.0001) on the metabolic parameters studied with prolificacy used as a covariate. Hematologic indices in pregnant rabbits were not affected by the diet exceeded the red blood cells rate that increased significantly (p < 0.05) with the increase in dietary protein content during the different periods of gestation.

Conclusion: The use of a high protein diet has no effect on weight during the pregnancy period. No effect of diet and sampling time on plasma metabolites and hematological profiles are recorded; however, significant effects of sampling time are recorded on the metabolic parameters.

J. Adv. Vet. Anim. Res., 6(1): 18-24, March 2019

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Abstract
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Published
2019-03-31
How to Cite
Saidj, D., Ainbaziz, H., Iles, I., Dahmani, Y., Hornick, J., & Moula, N. (2019). Productive performance, metabolic, and hematologic parameters of pregnant nulliparous rabbit does according to dietary protein level. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 6(1), 18-24. Retrieved from https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/JAVAR/article/view/40830
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Original Articles