Seroprevalance of Influenza A in swine population of Rangamati and Khagracchari districts

  • Md. Karim Uddin
  • Md. Shamim Ahasan
  • Mohammad Rafiqul Islam
  • M. M. Mafizul Islam
  • Md. Fazlul Hoque
Keywords: Influenza A, Seroprevalence, Swine, Pigs

Abstract

Objective: This study is conducted to assess the seroprevalence and associated risk factors (e.g., age, sex, bio-security practices and management system) of Influenza A virus in swine population of Rangamati and Khagracchari Districts

Materials and methods: Prevalence study Influenza A in swine population was conducted over a period of six months Rangamati and Khagracchari Districts between July to December 2013. 180 blood samples were collected from pigs, and the samples were tested for the detection of Influenza antibody using Indirect ELISA method.

Results: Total numbers of samples were 180 and numbers of positive cases were 22.Then the overall seroprevalence between the aforesaid districts was found to be 12.22%. Results of the investigation revealed that the seroprevalence of influenza A was 15% in Rangamati district, 10% in Khagraccharidistrict . The highest seroprevalence was found in Rangamati district (15%) and the lowest seroprevalence was (10%) found in Khagracchari district. On the basis of sex, seroprevalence rate of influenza A was found 14.29% in male pigs and 9·76% in female pigs.

Conclusion: The study confirms that influenza virus is circulating in the pig populations of hill tracts area of Bangladesh. Our study had a number of limitations. Veterinarians, researchers and health officials will get new information from this research which will be helpful for developing prevention strategy for combating against this disease.

http://doi.org/10.5455/javar.2018.e269    

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Author Biographies

Md. Karim Uddin

Department of Medicine, Surgery and Obstetrics, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Md. Shamim Ahasan
Department of Medicine, Surgery and Obstetrics, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh.
Mohammad Rafiqul Islam

Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council (BARC), Farmgate, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh.

M. M. Mafizul Islam

Department of Microbiology, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Md. Fazlul Hoque
Department of Medicine, Surgery and Obstetrics, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh.
Published
2018-06-28
How to Cite
Uddin, M. K., Ahasan, M. S., Islam, M. R., Islam, M. M. M., & Hoque, M. F. (2018). Seroprevalance of Influenza A in swine population of Rangamati and Khagracchari districts. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 5(2), 204-210. Retrieved from https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/JAVAR/article/view/37167
Section
Original Articles