Growth performance, microbial and hemato-biochemical profile, and organs histology of broiler chickens fed diets supplemented with a seasoning named Jumbo Cube as source of monosodium glutamate

  • Pascaline Ciza Azine
  • Jean Raphaël Kana
  • Tadjong Ruben Ngouana
  • Audrey Kenfack
  • Nzako Aurelie Sonkeng
  • Kemajou Quentin Bunto
  • Tchantchou Chamberlain Djemen
  • Simo Philippe Lyale
  • Kenhagho Arielle Kemmo
  • Nia Tatiana Ngnouamen
  • Dongmo Kissel Ngeupi
  • Alexis Teguia
Keywords: Broiler, Feed additive, Growth promoter, Monosodium glutamate, Seasoning

Abstract

Objective: this study was conducted in order to assess the effects of dietary Jumbo Cube as source of Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) on production performances of broiler chickens.

Materials and methods: 320 day-old Ross 308 broiler chicks were randomly divided into five groups of 64 chicks each. Negative and positive control groups were fed on basal diet with no supplement (R0-) and 1 gm of antibiotic (R0+) respectively and the 3 others groups were fed on diets supplemented with the quantities of Jumbo cube containing 1 mg, 2 mg and 4 mg of MSG/Kg of feed. Feed intake (FI), feed conversion ratio (FCR), weight gain (WG), blood parameters and intestinal microbial counts were evaluated.

Results: Results revealed that feeding broilers with Jumbo Cube as MSG source significantly (P<0.05) decreased FI at the starter phase with no significant effect at the finisher phase. Diet supplemented with 2 mg of MSG/Kg significantly (P<0.05) increased LBW and WG, and decreased FCR. Dietary MSG significantly (P<0.05) has no significant effect on bacteria counts during starter phase. At the finisher phase, GMS induced a significant increase in lactic bacteria and E. coli counts as compared to the control ration without any supplement. White blood cells (WBC) significantly decreased with inclusion of 1mg and 2 mg of MSG/Kg. Dietary MSG markedly decreased albumin/globulin ratio, LDL-cholesterol and creatinine.

Conclusion: It was concluded that Jumbo Cube can be used as source of MSG (2 mg/Kg) to improve growth performance in broiler chickens.

http://doi.org/10.5455/javar.2018.e258

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Author Biographies

Pascaline Ciza Azine

Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agronomy and Environmental Science, Université Evangélique en Afrique, Democratic Republic of Congo.

Jean Raphaël Kana
Animal Production and Nutrition Research Unit, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang. POBox:70 Dschang, Cameroon. 
Tadjong Ruben Ngouana
Animal Production and Nutrition Research Unit, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang. POBox:70 Dschang, Cameroon. 
Audrey Kenfack
Animal Production and Nutrition Research Unit, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang. POBox:70 Dschang, Cameroon. 
Nzako Aurelie Sonkeng
Animal Production and Nutrition Research Unit, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang. POBox:70 Dschang, Cameroon. 
Kemajou Quentin Bunto
Animal Production and Nutrition Research Unit, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang. POBox:70 Dschang, Cameroon. 
Tchantchou Chamberlain Djemen
Animal Production and Nutrition Research Unit, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang. POBox:70 Dschang, Cameroon. 
Simo Philippe Lyale
Animal Production and Nutrition Research Unit, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang. POBox:70 Dschang, Cameroon. 
Kenhagho Arielle Kemmo
Animal Production and Nutrition Research Unit, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang. POBox:70 Dschang, Cameroon. 
Nia Tatiana Ngnouamen
Animal Production and Nutrition Research Unit, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang. POBox:70 Dschang, Cameroon. 
Dongmo Kissel Ngeupi
Animal Production and Nutrition Research Unit, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang. POBox:70 Dschang, Cameroon. 
Alexis Teguia
Animal Production and Nutrition Research Unit, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang. POBox:70 Dschang, Cameroon. 
Published
2018-06-28
How to Cite
Azine, P. C., Kana, J. R., Ngouana, T. R., Kenfack, A., Sonkeng, N. A., Bunto, K. Q., Djemen, T. C., Lyale, S. P., Kemmo, K. A., Ngnouamen, N. T., Ngeupi, D. K., & Teguia, A. (2018). Growth performance, microbial and hemato-biochemical profile, and organs histology of broiler chickens fed diets supplemented with a seasoning named Jumbo Cube as source of monosodium glutamate. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 5(2), 146-154. Retrieved from https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/JAVAR/article/view/37160
Section
Original Articles