Zootechnical performance of Girolando cattle at Kpinnou Breeding Farm, South-West of Benin Republic

  • Yacoubou Alassane
  • Serge Gbênagnon Ahounou
  • Soumanou Seibou Toleba
  • Achille Amour Adjakpa
  • Ignace Ogoudanan Dotche
  • Isidore Houaga
  • Nassim Moula
  • Nicolas Antoine-Moussiaux
  • Jean-Luc Hornick
  • Abdou Karim Issaka Youssao
Keywords: Benin, weight, Bovine, Calving Season, Maturity Rate, Reproductive performance

Abstract

Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the weight and reproductive performances of Girolando cattle at Kpinnou Breeding Farm (KBF) in the south western of Benin Republic.

Materials and methods: The weight performance and body measurements were taken on a total of 150 Girolando cattle. The study of the reproductive traits was based on the recorded demographic indicators between 2012-2013 of 67 cows.

Results: From calving to the age of 3 months, the monthly average weight of calves did not vary with the season of calving (P>0.05). Between the 4th and 9th month, the weight varied with the birth seasons and the sex of the calf. Beyond 9th month, the calf’s average weight was the same regardless the calving season. At the age of 24 months, the highest weight (393.33 kg) was obtained during the long rainy season. The highest average weight was 398.22 Kg for males against 364.25 Kg for females at 24 months. The fertility rates ranged from 91.18% to 100% and the fecundity rate ranged from 85.29% to 103% during the study period. The apparent fertility rate was 91.18%. As for the calving and abortion rates, they were 93.55% and 6.45%, respectively. The mortality rate before weaning was 6.90% while the weaning viability was 93.10%. Calving occurred from January to June and from August to December.

Conclusion: In overall, the Girolando performances are satisfactory and show a good adaptation at KBF.

http://doi.org/10.5455/javar.2018.e255

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Author Biographies

Yacoubou Alassane

Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Meat Technologies, Department of Animal Health and Production, Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, University of Abomey-Calavi 01 PO Box 2009, Cotonou, Republic of Benin.

Serge Gbênagnon Ahounou
Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Meat Technologies, Department of Animal Health and Production, Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, University of Abomey-Calavi 01 PO Box 2009, Cotonou, Republic of Benin.
Soumanou Seibou Toleba
Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi 01 BP 526, Cotonou, Republic of Benin.
Achille Amour Adjakpa

Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Meat Technologies, Department of Animal Health and Production, Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, University of Abomey-Calavi 01 PO Box 2009, Cotonou, Republic of Benin.

Ignace Ogoudanan Dotche
Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Meat Technologies, Department of Animal Health and Production, Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, University of Abomey-Calavi 01 PO Box 2009, Cotonou, Republic of Benin.
Isidore Houaga
Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Meat Technologies, Department of Animal Health and Production, Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, University of Abomey-Calavi 01 PO Box 2009, Cotonou, Republic of Benin.
Nassim Moula
Department of Veterinary Management of Animal Resources/ Faculty of Veterinary Medicine / University of Liège, 6 avenue de Cureghem, 4000 Liège , Belgium.
Nicolas Antoine-Moussiaux
Department of Veterinary Management of Animal Resources/ Faculty of Veterinary Medicine / University of Liège, 6 avenue de Cureghem, 4000 Liège , Belgium.
Jean-Luc Hornick
Department of Veterinary Management of Animal Resources/ Faculty of Veterinary Medicine / University of Liège, 6 avenue de Cureghem, 4000 Liège , Belgium.
Abdou Karim Issaka Youssao
Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Meat Technologies, Department of Animal Health and Production, Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, University of Abomey-Calavi 01 PO Box 2009, Cotonou, Republic of Benin.
Published
2018-06-28
How to Cite
Alassane, Y., Ahounou, S. G., Toleba, S. S., Adjakpa, A. A., Dotche, I. O., Houaga, I., Moula, N., Antoine-Moussiaux, N., Hornick, J.-L., & Youssao, A. K. I. (2018). Zootechnical performance of Girolando cattle at Kpinnou Breeding Farm, South-West of Benin Republic. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 5(2), 123-130. Retrieved from https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/JAVAR/article/view/37156
Section
Original Articles