Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminths of sheep in Sherpur, Bangladesh

  • Prianka Rani Poddar
  • Nurjahan Begum
  • Md. Abdul Alim
  • Anita Rani Dey
  • Md. Shahadat Hossain
  • Sharmin Shahid Labony
Keywords: EPG, GI Helminths, Prevalence, Sheep, Sherpur

Abstract

Objective: Gastrointestinal (GI) parasitic infection is a prime cause of failures in sheep production. This study was conducted to ascertain the prevalence of gastrointestinal (GIT) helminths of sheep in Sherpur district, Bangladesh. Besides, prevalence of helminthiasis in sheep also assessed considering age, sex, nutritional condition and rearing system.

Materials and methods: In total, 106 rectal fecal samples of sheep were randomly collected and were examined for the presence of ova by using direct smear and Stolls ova counting techniques during July to October, 2016. Eggs were identified on the basis of its size, morphology and other landmark features.

Results: Out of 106 samples, 67.9% (n=72/106) revealed the presence of ova of different helminths. The prevalence of helminth infection was associated with Fasciola gigantica (11.3%; n=12/106), Paramphistomes (13.2%; n=14/106), Schistosoma indicum (3.8%; n=4/106), Moniezia sp. (3.8%; n=4/106), Strongyle-type (24.5%; n=26/106), hook worm (6.6%; n=7/106), Strongyloides sp. (12.3%; n=13/106) and Trichuris sp. (1.9%; n=2/106). Egg count per gram (EPG) was calculated which was ranged between 100 and 600. Parasitic counts in lambs, young and adult showed no significant variations (P=0.511) from one other. Infection was significantly (P=0.04) higher in poor body conditioned sheep (76.3 %) as contrasted to normal body conditioned sheep (57.4%). No significant variation (P=0.601) was noticed in infection rates between sexes. Females displayed a higher infection (70.0%) as compared to males (65.2%). In rearing system, the result was found statistically insignificant (P=0.247).

Conclusion: Utterly, GI helminths are endemic at great levels among sheep in the study area. Also, their infestation differs within various age groups, sexes, nutritional condition and rearing system of sheep.  

http://doi.org/10.5455/javar.2017.d224

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Author Biographies

Prianka Rani Poddar

Department of Parasitology, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

Nurjahan Begum
Department of Parasitology, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.
Md. Abdul Alim
Department of Parasitology, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.
Anita Rani Dey
Department of Parasitology, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.
Md. Shahadat Hossain
Department of Parasitology, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.
Sharmin Shahid Labony
Department of Parasitology, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.
Published
2018-01-04
How to Cite
Poddar, P. R., Begum, N., Alim, M. A., Dey, A. R., Hossain, M. S., & Labony, S. S. (2018). Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminths of sheep in Sherpur, Bangladesh. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 4(3), 274-280. Retrieved from https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/JAVAR/article/view/34319
Section
Original Articles