Seroprevalence of Foot and Mouth Disease Virus (FMDV) and associated risk factors in unvaccinated sheep and goats in Pyawbwe and Meikhtila townships of Myanmar

  • Htet Ma Ma Phyoe
  • Aung Tun Khaing
  • Yusuf Abba
  • Ye Htut Aung
  • Lat Lat Htun
  • Nwe Nwe Htin
  • Jesse Faez Firdaus Abdullah
  • Mohd Azmi Mohd Lila
Keywords: Ceditest ELISA, ELISA, FMD, FMDV, Risk factor, Seroprevalence

Abstract

Objective: In this study, a serological survey was conducted in unvaccinated sheep and goat populations at Pyawbwe and Meikhtila townships of Mandalay region in Myanmar to determine the seroprevalence and associated risk factors of foot and mouth disease (FMD).

Materials and methods: A total of 110 sheep and 107 goat sera samples were randomly collected from Pyawbwe. Similarly, 108 sheep and 109 goat sera were collected from Meikhtila. All samples were tested for the presence of non-structural protein (NSP) specific antibodies to FMD virus (FMDV) by Ceditest FMDV-NSP Enzyme-lined Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA), and were confirmed by Liquid Phase Blocking ELISA (LPB ELISA) .

Results: Overall seroprevalence was 42.4%(n=184/434) by Ceditest-NSP ELISA, and 46.8%(n=203/434) by LPB ELISA against FMDV serotype O. The presence of antibodies against FMDV serotype O was higher (P<0.01) as compared to those of serotype A and Asia-1. The seroprevalence in Meikhtila (49.77%) was higher (P<0.01) than that of Pyawbwe (35.2%). The seropositivity in sheep and goats that were in-contact (77.19%) with infected cattle and pigs was higher (P<0.01) as compared to those in-contact with non-infected animals (37.14%). Similarly, the seropositivity in sheep and goats from high animal trade areas (49.4%) was higher (P<0.05) than that of those from low animal trade areas (37.97%).

Conclusion: Rearing of sheep and goats in-contact with FMDV-infected cattle and pigs, and high animal trading areas are the major associated risk factors for FMDV infection for sheep and goats in the study areas in Myanmar.

http://doi.org/10.5455/javar.2017.d204

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Author Biographies

Htet Ma Ma Phyoe
Livestock Breeding and Veterinary Department, Myanmar.
Aung Tun Khaing
University of Veterinary Science, Yezin, Naypyidaw 05282, Myanmar.
Yusuf Abba
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia.
Ye Htut Aung
University of Veterinary Science, Yezin, Naypyidaw 05282, Myanmar.
Lat Lat Htun
University of Veterinary Science, Yezin, Naypyidaw 05282, Myanmar.
Nwe Nwe Htin

Faculties of Agro Based Industri,
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Kampung Jeli, Beg Berkunci 100, Jeli 17600, Kelantan, Malaysia.

Jesse Faez Firdaus Abdullah
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia.
Mohd Azmi Mohd Lila
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia.
Published
2017-07-24
How to Cite
Phyoe, H. M. M., Khaing, A. T., Abba, Y., Aung, Y. H., Htun, L. L., Htin, N. N., Abdullah, J. F. F., & Lila, M. A. M. (2017). Seroprevalence of Foot and Mouth Disease Virus (FMDV) and associated risk factors in unvaccinated sheep and goats in Pyawbwe and Meikhtila townships of Myanmar. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 4(2), 161-167. Retrieved from https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/JAVAR/article/view/33112
Section
Original Articles