Determination of antibodies to Caprine arthritis encephalitis virus in goats and sheep in some localities in Sudan

  • Wegdan Hassan Ali Veterinary Research Institute, PO Box 8067, Al Amarat, Khartoum
  • Intisar Kamil Saeed Veterinary Research Institute, PO Box 8067, Al Amarat, Khartoum, Sudan. & Northern Border University, Faculty of Science and Arts, Rafha
  • Shaza Mohammed Mutwakil Veterinary Research Institute, PO Box 8067, Al Amarat, Khartoum
  • Omer A. Algezoli Veterinary Research Institute, Animal Resources Research Corporation, PO Box 8067
  • Abdelgader Ballal Mohammed Veterinary Research Institute, Animal Resources Research Corporation, PO Box 8067
  • Ihsan Hussein Ahmed Veterinary Research Institute, Animal Resources Research Corporation, PO Box 8067
  • Sahar Mohammed Elhassan Veterinary Research Institute, PO Box 8067, Al Amarat, Khartoum
  • Baraa Abdelaziz Ahmed Veterinary Research Institute, PO Box 8067, Al Amarat, Khartoum
  • Rayan M. A. Asil Veterinary Research Institute, Animal Resources Research Corporation, PO Box 8067
  • Saafass M. A. Alsarraj Veterinary Research Institute, Animal Resources Research Corporation, PO Box 8067
  • Abdelmhmoud Atalmanan Abdelgader Veterinary Research Institute, Animal Resources Research Corporation, PO Box 8067
  • Yahia Hassan Ali Veterinary Research Institute, PO Box 8067, Al Amarat, Khartoum, Sudan. & Northern Border University, Faculty of Science and Arts, Rafha
Keywords: Antibodies, CAE, Goat, Sheep, Sudan

Abstract

Objective: Caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE) infection is existing worldwide causing economic loss in goat production. This work was conducted to investigate the prevalence of CAE in local and foreign goat breeds and sheep in different localities in Sudan.

Materials and methods: A total of 368 sera samples were prepared; among these, 112 were collected from cross (n=39) and foreign (n=73) breeds of goat in Khartoum state, equal number of sera (n=23) were collected from goats and sheep from each of River Nile, Gedarif, Sinnar and North Kordofan states. Eighteen cross bred goats were tested from River Nile state. From foreign bred goats, 28 and 26 sera were collected from Gazira and Northern states, respectively. The collected sera were examined for the presence of antibodies to CAE virus using Enzymed-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA).

Results: The overall seroprevalence of CAE was 2.99% (n=11/368). Positive results were found only in 11 of foreign breed of goats (Cyprus shami) collected from Gazira (39.29%; n=11/28). Statistically, there was an association between breed and location (P=0.001 and P=0.671, respectively).

Conclusion: The CAE virus infection exists only in foreign goat breeds. Gazira state showed the highest seroprevalence as compared to other states considered in this study. Strict hygienic measures should be adopted to control the disease and to prevent its spread to local breeds.

http://doi.org/10.5455/javar.2016.c154

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Author Biographies

Wegdan Hassan Ali, Veterinary Research Institute, PO Box 8067, Al Amarat, Khartoum
Virology Department
Intisar Kamil Saeed, Veterinary Research Institute, PO Box 8067, Al Amarat, Khartoum, Sudan. & Northern Border University, Faculty of Science and Arts, Rafha
Virology Department
Shaza Mohammed Mutwakil, Veterinary Research Institute, PO Box 8067, Al Amarat, Khartoum
Virology Department
Omer A. Algezoli, Veterinary Research Institute, Animal Resources Research Corporation, PO Box 8067
Department of Viral Vaccines
Abdelgader Ballal Mohammed, Veterinary Research Institute, Animal Resources Research Corporation, PO Box 8067
Department of Viral Vaccines
Ihsan Hussein Ahmed, Veterinary Research Institute, Animal Resources Research Corporation, PO Box 8067
Department of Viral Vaccines
Sahar Mohammed Elhassan, Veterinary Research Institute, PO Box 8067, Al Amarat, Khartoum
Virology Department
Baraa Abdelaziz Ahmed, Veterinary Research Institute, PO Box 8067, Al Amarat, Khartoum
Virology Department
Rayan M. A. Asil, Veterinary Research Institute, Animal Resources Research Corporation, PO Box 8067
Department of Viral Vaccines
Saafass M. A. Alsarraj, Veterinary Research Institute, Animal Resources Research Corporation, PO Box 8067
Department of Viral Vaccines
Abdelmhmoud Atalmanan Abdelgader, Veterinary Research Institute, Animal Resources Research Corporation, PO Box 8067
Department of Viral Vaccines
Yahia Hassan Ali, Veterinary Research Institute, PO Box 8067, Al Amarat, Khartoum, Sudan. & Northern Border University, Faculty of Science and Arts, Rafha
Virology Department
Published
2016-11-03
How to Cite
Ali, W. H., Saeed, I. K., Mutwakil, S. M., Algezoli, O. A., Mohammed, A. B., Ahmed, I. H., Elhassan, S. M., Ahmed, B. A., Asil, R. M. A., Alsarraj, S. M. A., Abdelgader, A. A., & Ali, Y. H. (2016). Determination of antibodies to Caprine arthritis encephalitis virus in goats and sheep in some localities in Sudan. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 3(3), 259-262. Retrieved from https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/JAVAR/article/view/30141
Section
Short Communications