A cross sectional study on reproductive health disorders in dairy cattle in Sudan

  • Amira Mohamed Elhassan Virology Department, Veterinary Research Institute, Khartoum, PO Box: 8067
  • Mohamed Abdalla Fadol Virology Department, Veterinary Research Institute, Khartoum, PO Box: 8067
  • Abdelgafar Mohamed Ali Elfahal Virology Department, Central Laboratory, Khartoun, PO Box: 8067
  • Abdel Rahim Mohamed El Hussein Virology Department, Veterinary Research Institute, Khartoum, PO Box: 8067
Keywords: Awareness, Dairy cattle, Reproductive disorders, Sudan

Abstract

A cross sectional survey was carried out in dairy farms in four States of Sudan to determine prevalence of reproductive health disorders that affect dairy cattle industries in the country. A total of 575 adult female cows in dairy farms located in Khartoum, Gezira, Sennar, and White Nile States were investigated using questionnaire survey and face-to-face interviews with the owners. The results indicated that 24.4% of the animals were affected with one or more reproductive health disorders. Abortion (57.1%) represented the major health problem affecting calf yield, followed by infertility (34.3%) and neonatal death (8.6%). Other health problems included stillbirth, vaginitis and retained placenta, anomalies, metritis and repeat breeder. Most of the abortion cases were detected during third trimester (76.25%) followed by first (12.5%) and second (11.25%) trimesters. Finally, countrywide investigations of reproductive disorders and increasing awareness to the owners are recommended for designing successful control strategies of reproductive disorders in Sudan.

 

http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/javar.2015.b57

 

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Abstract
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PDF
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Published
2015-05-20
How to Cite
Elhassan, A., Fadol, M., Elfahal, A., & El Hussein, A. R. (2015). A cross sectional study on reproductive health disorders in dairy cattle in Sudan. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 2(2), 101-106. Retrieved from https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/JAVAR/article/view/23199
Section
Original Articles