Antibacterial activity of seneciolactone isolated from Senecio scandens against some common gastrointestinal tract disease causing bacterial pathogens

Authors

  • Yi Zheng School of Biological and Chemical Engineering, Panzhihua University, Panzhihua City, Sichuan 617000 http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0826-441X
  • Yu Wang School of Biological and Chemical Engineering, Panzhihua University, Panzhihua City, Sichuan 617000
  • Yuan-Hong Shang School of Biological and Chemical Engineering, Panzhihua University, Panzhihua City, Sichuan 617000

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjp.v11i1.24792

Keywords:

Antibacterial, Bacterial pathogen, Gastrointestinal tract, Senecio scandens, Seneciolactone

Abstract

The objective of the present investigation was to study the antibacterial effect of seneciolactone isolated from the methanolic extract of Senecio scandens against five bacterial pathogens which are known to cause several gastrointestinal tract diseases. Disc diffusion assay and agar well diffusion assays were used to examine the antibacterial efficacy of this compound by measuring zones of inhibition and MIC/MBC values. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was involved to study the effect of this compound on cellular morphology of Shigella dysenteriae. Results revealed that seneciolactone exhibited moderate to potent antibacterial activity against different bacterial strains. Zones of inhibition and MIC/MBC values indicated that seneciolactone was most potent against S. dysenteriae followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and E. coli. SEM results indicated that seneciolactone induced potent damage to the cell membrane of the tested bacteria. As compared to the untreated control which exhibited normal cellular morphology, the seneciolactone treated bacterial cells revealed severe damage to the cellular membrane particularly at the higher doses.

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References

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Published

2016-01-21

How to Cite

Zheng, Y., Y. Wang, and Y.-H. Shang. “Antibacterial Activity of Seneciolactone Isolated from Senecio Scandens Against Some Common Gastrointestinal Tract Disease Causing Bacterial Pathogens”. Bangladesh Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 11, no. 1, Jan. 2016, pp. 218-23, doi:10.3329/bjp.v11i1.24792.

Issue

Section

Research Articles