Antidiarrheal activity of methanolic leaf extract of Rumex vesicarius

Authors

  • Imran Ahmad Khan Faculty of Pharmacy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan
  • Khalid Hussain Janbaz Faculty of Pharmacy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan
  • Fatima Saqib Faculty of Pharmacy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjp.v11i1.24251

Keywords:

Antidiarrhea, Rumex vesicarius

Abstract

This study evaluates the antidiarrheal activity of Rumex vesicarius (leaf) by using in vitro and in vivo assays. Antidiarrheal effect of R. vesicarius was  evaluated using castor oil-induced diarrhea model in rat. Weight and  volume of the intestinal content were assessed using the enteropooling method. Atropine (3 mg/kg, i.p) was used as positive control. R. Vesicarius at the  doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg p.o. significantly retarded castor oil-induced  enteropooling and intestinal transit. The gastrointestinal transit rate was  studied and R. vesicarius at the doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg significantly inhibited (p<0.001) weight and volume of intestinal content. R. vesicarius caused concentration-dependent (0.011?mg/mL) relaxation of spontaneous contractions in isolated rabbit jejunum tissue preparation and inhibited K+-80 induced contractions (0.01-5?mg/mL), similar to verapamil, suggestive of calcium channel blockade. Results obtained herein indicate that R. vesicarius may contain effective compounds which can be used as an antidiarrheal agent.

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Author Biographies

Imran Ahmad Khan, Faculty of Pharmacy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan

Assistant Professor

Khalid Hussain Janbaz, Faculty of Pharmacy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan

Fatima Saqib, Faculty of Pharmacy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan

Lecturer

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Published

2016-01-16

How to Cite

Khan, I. A., K. H. Janbaz, and F. Saqib. “Antidiarrheal Activity of Methanolic Leaf Extract of Rumex Vesicarius”. Bangladesh Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 11, no. 1, Jan. 2016, pp. 175-80, doi:10.3329/bjp.v11i1.24251.

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Section

Research Articles