In vitro anticancer potential and GC-MS analysis of Drimia nagarjunae, an endangered medicinal plant

Authors

  • Narendranath Alluri Department of Biotechnology, Center for Post Graduate Studies, Jain University, Jayanagar, Bangalore, 560 011, Karnataka
  • Mala Majumdar Department of Biotechnology, Center for Post Graduate Studies, Jain University, Jayanagar, Bangalore, 560 011, Karnataka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjp.v10i2.21909

Keywords:

Anticancer, Drimia nagarjunae, HCC cell line, GC-MS.

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the anticancer activity of Drimia nagarjunae (Liliaceae) extracts against Colo205 human colon cancer cell lines by SRB assay for the first time. The bulbs and leaves of the plant were sequentially extracted using solvents with increasing polarities (hexane> chloroform>ethyl acetate>methanol>water). Ethyl acetate and chloroform bulb extracts showed potent anticancer activity compared to standard, adriamycin. Both the extracts exhibited total growth inhibition of cell at 20.1 µg/mL and 32.1 µg/mL whereas adriamycin shown 33.1 µg/mL and 50% lethal concentration was found to be 61.5 µg/mL and >80 µg/mL respectively. The active extracts were subjected to GC-MS analysis for identification of phytocompounds and it showed seven and ten major compounds respectively. Therefore, the present study demonstrated that D. nagarjunae can be a promising candidate as an anticancer agent.

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Author Biography

Mala Majumdar, Department of Biotechnology, Center for Post Graduate Studies, Jain University, Jayanagar, Bangalore, 560 011, Karnataka

Associate Professor

Published

2015-04-07

How to Cite

Alluri, N., and M. Majumdar. “In Vitro Anticancer Potential and GC-MS Analysis of Drimia Nagarjunae, an Endangered Medicinal Plant”. Bangladesh Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 10, no. 2, Apr. 2015, pp. 303-7, doi:10.3329/bjp.v10i2.21909.

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Section

Research Articles