Resilience and Health-Related Quality of Life among Hepatitis C Patients in Pahang, Malaysia

Authors

  • Ummu Afeera Zainulabid Internal Medicine Specialist & Medical Lecturer, Department of Internal Medicine, Kulliyyah of Medicine, International Islamic University of Malaysia, Kuantan, Malaysia
  • Muhammad Ateeq Md Jalil Internal Medicine Specialist & Medical Lecturer, Department of Internal Medicine, Kulliyyah of Medicine, International Islamic University of Malaysia, Kuantan, Malaysia
  • Khairul Azhar Jaafar Gastroenterologist and Medical Lecturer, Department of Internal Medicine, Kulliyyah of Medicine, International Islamic University of Malaysia, Kuantan, Malaysia
  • Raudah Mohd Yunus Lecturer and Public Health Specialist, Department of Public Health Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University Teknologi MARA, Sungai Buloh Campus, Selangor, Malayshia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjms.v21i1.56344

Keywords:

Resilience; Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL); Hepatitis C; Malaysia

Abstract

Background: Hepatitis C is one of the most common causes of liver disease worldwide. Health impacts of hepatitis C are not limited to physical morbidity but include psychosocial dimensions such as quality of life (QOL), depression, anxiety, and stigmatization. In Malaysia, modifiable factors that can improve QOL among hepatitis C patients have not been adequately studied. Resilience – defined as the capacity to endure hardships and rebound from life adversities – is associated with mental health and well-being. Our study aims to test the association between resilience and QOL among hepatitis C patients.

Methods: Employing a cross-sectional design, 195 hepatitis C patients who attended Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan (HTAA) – the main public tertiary hospital in Pahang – were recruited through convenience sampling. Resilience was assessed using the Connor-Davidson resilience scale while Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) was measured by 36-item short-form survey (SF-36v2). Multiple linear regression was run to determine the association between resilience and HRQOL.

Results: We found significant associations between resilience and the physical (b=0.35; 95% CI: 0.11, 0.30; p<0.001) and mental dimension of HRQOL (b=0.47; 95% CI: 0.21, 0.42; p<0.001). Patients with higher resilience scores were more likely to have better HRQOL compared to those less resilient.

Conclusion: Resilience may be a protective factor in the disease trajectory of hepatitis C in terms of QOL. Health care providers should incorporate resilience into the management of hepatitis patients, through a multidisciplinary approach.

Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science Vol. 21(1) 2022 Page : 165-170

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Published

2022-01-01

How to Cite

Zainulabid, U. A. ., Md Jalil, M. A. ., Jaafar, K. A. ., & Yunus, R. M. . (2022). Resilience and Health-Related Quality of Life among Hepatitis C Patients in Pahang, Malaysia. Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science, 21(1), 165–170. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjms.v21i1.56344

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Original Articles