Laboratory Diagnostics in COVID-19: What We Know So Far

  • Siti Zulaikha Zakariah Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Tengku Zetty Maztura Tengku Jamaluddin Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Hasni Mahayidin Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Zuraihan Dahari Sepang District Health Office, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Rosni Ibrahim Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
Keywords: COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2;laboratory diagnostics; POCT

Abstract

COVID-19 took the world by storm in early 2020 which rapidly escalated to a pandemic of unprecedented proportions. Containment of the outbreak requires a robust public health system of surveillance, contact tracing and laboratory preparedness. Technological advancement in molecular diagnosticshas helped identify patients in the initial stages of the outbreak. RT-PCR remains the gold standard in COVID-19 testing. However, as the pandemic continues, there is need for rapid and point of care tests (POCT) for mass screening and rapid decision making. Current serological tests and POCT have high sensitivity but need to be interpreted with caution. This review aims to discuss current laboratory tests available for the diagnosis of COVID-19.

Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science Vol.19(0) 2020 p. S 93-S 100

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Abstract
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Published
2020-07-20
How to Cite
Zakariah, S., Tengku Jamaluddin, T. Z., Mahayidin, H., Dahari, Z., & Ibrahim, R. (2020). Laboratory Diagnostics in COVID-19: What We Know So Far. Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science, 19, S 93-S 100. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjms.v19i0.48199
Section
Review Article