Pregnancy and Nutrition

  • Asma Rumanaz Shahid Lecturer, Department of Anatomy, Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka
  • Asma Ul Hosna Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • Ashraful Alam Medical Officer, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, BSMMU, Dhaka
Keywords: Pregnancy, nutrition, weight gain

Abstract

Pregnancy is a specially important time in womens life to focus on proper health care and nutrition.  Nutrition during childhood and adolescence influence a womens preconceptional nutritional status which  subsequently influence the outcome of pregnancy and health of the baby. Good nutrition is the key to a successful  pregnancy for both mother and child. The mothers nutrition from the moment of conception is an  important factor in the development of the infants metabolic pathway and future wellbeing. The diet during  pregnancy should be adequate to provide maintenance of maternal health, the need of growing fetus, the  strength and vitality required during labour and successful lactation. All women need to gain weight during  pregnancy. Weight gain during pregnancy depends on pre-pregnancy weight. Ahealthy weight gain for most  of the women is between 25-35Lb. During pregnancy a women has different nutritional need for different  trimester to meet extra food needs and extra caloric requirement. Normal weight women need an extra 300  kcal /day during the 2nd and 3rd trimester of pregnancy. The total amount of needed calorie 2000-2500  kcal/day for a normal weight women. Needs for almost all nutrients are greater during pregnancy for own  bodies growth, for baby and successful lactation. The dietetic advice given to the mother should be reasonable  and realistic to the individual women.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/bjms.v11i4.12596

Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science Vol. 11 No. 04 Oct12

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Abstract
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PDF
2304
Published
2012-11-13
How to Cite
Shahid, A., Ul Hosna, A., & Alam, A. (2012). Pregnancy and Nutrition. Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science, 11(4), 267-272. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjms.v11i4.12596
Section
Review Article