The Efficacy of the WRF-ARW Model in the Genesis and Intensity Forecast of Tropical Cyclone Fani over the Bay of Bengal

Authors

  • Md Shakil Hossain Department of Mathematics, Khulna University of Engineering & Technology, Khulna 9203, Bangladesh
  • Md Abdus Samad Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
  • SM Arif Hossen Department of Mathematics, Khulna University of Engineering & Technology, Khulna 9203, Bangladesh
  • SM Quamrul Hassan Bangladesh Meteorological Department, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh
  • MAK Malliak Bangladesh Meteorological Department, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jes.v12i3.57482

Keywords:

a

Abstract

An attempt has been carried out to assess the efficacy of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model in predicting the genesis and intensification events of Very Severe Cyclonic Storm (VSCS) Fani (26 April – 04 May 2019) over the Bay of Bengal (BoB). WRF model has been conducted on a single domain of 10 km horizontal resolution using the Global Data Assimilation System (GDAS) FNL (final) data (0.250 × 0.250). According to the model simulated outcome analysis, the model is capable of predicting the Minimum Sea Level Pressure (MSLP) and Maximum Sustainable Wind Speed (MSWS) pattern reasonably well, despite some deviations. The model has forecasted the Lowest Central Pressure (LCP) of 919 hPa and the MSWS of 70 ms-1 based on 0000 UTC of 26 April. Except for the model run based on 0000 UTC of 26 April, the simulated values of LCP are relatively higher than the observations. According to the statistical analysis, MSLP and MSWS at 850 hPa level demonstrate a significantly greater influence on Tropical Cyclone (TC) formation and intensification process than any other parameters. The model can predict the intensity features well enough, despite some uncertainty regarding the proper lead time of the model run. Reduced lead time model run, particularly 24 to 48 hr, can be chosen to forecast the genesis and intensification events of TC with minimum uncertainty.

Journal of Engineering Science 12(3), 2021, 85-100

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Published

2022-01-10

How to Cite

Hossain, M. S. ., Samad, M. A. ., Hossen, S. A. ., Hassan, S. Q. ., & Malliak, M. (2022). The Efficacy of the WRF-ARW Model in the Genesis and Intensity Forecast of Tropical Cyclone Fani over the Bay of Bengal. Journal of Engineering Science, 12(3), 85–100. https://doi.org/10.3329/jes.v12i3.57482

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