Simulation of Severe Thunderstorms in Conjugation of Westerly and Easterly on 31 March 2019 in Bangladesh


  • Samarendra Karmakar National Oceanographic and Maritime Institute (NOAMI), Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Mohan Kumar Das Institute of Water and Flood Management (IWFM), BUET, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Md Quamrul Hassam Bangladesh Meteorological Department, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Md Abdul Mannan Bangladesh Meteorological Department, Dhaka, Bangladesh



Thunderstorms; conjugation; westerly; easterly; instability; WRF.


The diagnostic and prognostic studies of thunderstorms/squalls are very important to save live and loss of properties. The present study aims at diagnose the different tropospheric parameters, instability and synoptic conditions associated the severe thunderstorms with squalls, which occurred at different places in Bangladesh on 31 March 2019. For prognostic purposes, the severe thunderstorms occurred on 31 March 2019 have been numerically simulated. In this regard, the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model is used to predict different atmospheric conditions associated with the severe storms. The study domain is selected for 9 km horizontal resolution, which almost covers the south Asian region. Numerical experiments have been conducted with the combination of WRF single-moment 6 class (WSM6) microphysics scheme with Yonsei University (YSU) PBL scheme in simulation of the squall events. Model simulated results are compared with the available observations. The observed values of CAPE at Kolkata both at 0000 and 1200 UTC were 2680.4 and 3039.9 J kg-1 respectively on 31 March 2019 and are found to be comparable with the simulated values. The area averaged actual rainfall for 24 hrs is found is 22.4 mm, which complies with the simulated rainfall of 20-25 mm for 24 hrs.

Journal of Engineering Science 12(3), 2021, 29-43





How to Cite

Karmakar, S. ., Das, M. K. ., Hassam, M. Q., & Mannan, M. A. . (2022). Simulation of Severe Thunderstorms in Conjugation of Westerly and Easterly on 31 March 2019 in Bangladesh. Journal of Engineering Science, 12(3), 29–43.