Future Projection of Mean Temperature of Post-Monsoon Season Over Bangladesh Using Statistical Downscaling of Global Climate Models
In statistical downscaling technique, regional or local information are derived by determining a statistical model which relates large-scale climate variables or predictors generated by Global Climate Models (GCMs) to regional and local variables or predictands. In this paper, the results of GCMs were statistically downscaled to produce future climate projections of mean temperature in the post-monsoon season (October and November), for the time periods 2021-2050 and 2071-2100 for Bangladesh. The future climate projections are based on the three emission scenarios RCP2.6, RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 provided by the fifth Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5). This paper established a method to analyze GCMs for use in statistical downscaling and utilized fifteen GCMs. The GCMs were assessed based upon their performance in simulated past climate in Bangladesh and adjoining areas. Downscaling was undertaken by linking large scale climate variables, taken from the ERA-Interim (resolution 79 km) reanalysis temperature, a gridded data set incorporating observations and climate models, to local scale observations. Overall, all fifteen GCMs, via statistical downscaling, show that mean temperature of the post-monsoon season in Bangladesh will increase under future climate scenarios. Comparing the ensemble of future projections with the reference period (1981- 2010), the mean post-monsoon temperature in Bangladesh is projected for RCP8.5 showing warming by 0.310C in near future and 1.790C in far future. On the other hand, estimated warming is 0.390C in near future and 1.140C is far future for RCP4.5. Low emission scenarios RCP2.6, near future temperature is nearly same the far future temperature.
Journal of Engineering Science 11(2), 2020, 27-35
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