Protein, amino acid and fatty acid profiles of two edible crabs of Lagos coast,Nigeria
Amino and fatty acid contents of Nigerian crabs
Keywords:Portunid crab, Nutritional quality, Food nutrient, Lagoon
Edible crabs constitute one of the major sources of nutritious food for human nutrition. The study was aimed to examine the protein, amino acid and fatty acid compositions of two edible crabs (Callinectes amnicola and Portunus validus) of Lagos coast, Nigeria. Samples were obtained from the water body, transported in crushed iced insulated containers and analyzed in the laboratory using standard methods. Crude protein varied from 55 - 68.92% (C. amnicola) and 51.9 - 67.51% (P. validus) on dry matter basis. Leucine (8.63 - 9.73g/100 g crude protein) and glutamic acid (12.71 - 16.19g/100 g crude protein) were the highest concentrated essential and non-essential amino acids, respectively. The coefficient of variation of the amino acid values indicated that C. amnicola has more variations, relative to its mean. The most concentrated saturated fatty acid was palmitic acid in the samples with significantly different (P <0.05) values of 14.32±1.05% (C. amnicola) and 24.52±0.00% (P. validus). With the exception of lauric, arachidic and lignoceric, all saturated fatty acids were more concentrated in P. validus than in C. amnicola. Oleic acid among the monounsaturated fatty acids occupied the highest position in C. amnicola (17.6233±0.04%) and in P. validus (12.4682±0.25%); whereas timnodenic acid was the most concentrated among the polyunsaturated fatty acids, with values of 23.9744±0.48 % (C. amnicola) and 15.7234±0.25 % (P. validus). Both species have reasonable levels of dietary protein and lipid quality.
J Bangladesh Agril Univ 17(3): 396–401, 2019
How to Cite
© 2003-2017 Bangladesh Agricultural University Research System.
Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
JBAU is an Open Access journal. All articles are published under the CC-BY license which permits the use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.