Sero-prevalence of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) among dogs in VL endemic areas of Mymensingh district, Bangladesh

  • Ariful Islam
  • Md Lutfar Rahman
  • Shariful Islam
  • Premanondo Debnath
  • Mahabub Alam
  • Mohammad Mahmudul Hassan
Keywords: Dogs, Leishmania donovani, rk39 test, Visceral leishmaniasis

Abstract

Objective: The present study was conducted to determine the sero-prevalence of canine visceral leishmaniasis (VL) among street and owned dogs at Trishal Upazila of Mymensingh district, Bangladesh.

Material and methods: Blood was collected asceptically from targeted dogs and serum was separated out using standard centrifugation method. The rK39-antigen-based dipstick test was used to detect anti-leishmania antibodies in serum.

Results: The study revealed that 35% of the dogs in the study area were sero-positive for L. donovani. Living status of the dogs (street or owned) was a potential risk factor and sero-prevalence was significantly higher in free roaming street dogs (P=0.009)  and dogs with skin lesions and enlarged lymph nodes (P<0.05). The female and adult dogs were more susceptible.

Conclusion: VL is an important zoonotic disease wich is  transmissible to humans by the bite of phlebotomine sand fly. Dogs are the main reservoir. The higher sero-prevalence of VL indicates the potential rule of dogs to maintain the zoonosis wich need to be explored more specifically by isolation and typing of the parasite.

http://doi.org/10.5455/javar.2017.d217  

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Author Biographies

Ariful Islam

EcoHealth Alliance, New York, NY, USA. 

Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR), Mohakhali-1212, Bangladesh.


Md Lutfar Rahman
American International University Bangladesh (AIUB), Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Shariful Islam

EcoHealth Alliance, New York, NY, USA. 

Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR), Mohakhali-1212, Bangladesh.

Premanondo Debnath
Center for Environmental and Geographic Information Services (CEGIS), Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Mahabub Alam
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Khulshi, Chittagong-4225, Bangladesh.
Mohammad Mahmudul Hassan
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Khulshi, Chittagong-4225, Bangladesh.
Published
2018-01-04
How to Cite
Islam, A., Rahman, M. L., Islam, S., Debnath, P., Alam, M., & Hassan, M. M. (2018). Sero-prevalence of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) among dogs in VL endemic areas of Mymensingh district, Bangladesh. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 4(3), 241-248. Retrieved from https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/JAVAR/article/view/34295
Section
Original Articles