Seroepidemiological survey of bovine brucellosis in selected Fulani Herds in Kwara State, Nigeria

  • Julius Olaniyi Aiyedun
  • Oladapo Oyedeji Oludairo
  • Isaac Dayo Olorunshola
  • Nathan Ahmadu Furo
  • Francis Rotimi Olowoleni
  • Mohammed Adam
  • Shodeinde Vincent Olu Shoyinka
Keywords: Bovine brucellosis, Fulani herd, Seroepidemiology, Zoonosis

Abstract

Objective: Brucellosis is a bacterial zoonotic disease caused by members of the genus Brucella. It causes economic loss and ill health among animals and humans. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of brucellosis in cattle particularly in White Fulani breed of cattle in Kwara State, Nigeria.

Materials and methods: A total of 120 blood samples were collected randomly from the cattle in Kwara State of Nigeria. Sera were separated from the blood samples. The serum was used for the identification of antibodies against Brucella present in it. Three screening tests namely Bovine Brucella Antibody Test (BBAT; ImmunoCombR), Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT) and Serum Agglutination Test (SAT) were used for the identification purpose.

Results: Based on BBAT, 13.3% (n=16/120) cattle were positive for brucellosis. Similary, 14.2% (n=17/120) and 3.3% (n=4/120 cattle were found to be positive for RBPT and SAT, respectively. The affected cattle were mainly of White Fulani breed with few cross-bred.

Conclusion: Results of this study indicates that brucella antibody is circulating in cattle examined in the study area. This calls for urgent public health intervention and routine screening of other domestic animals as well.

http://doi.org/10.5455/javar.2017.d212

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Author Biographies

Julius Olaniyi Aiyedun
Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ilorin, Nigeria.
Oladapo Oyedeji Oludairo
Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ilorin, Nigeria.
Isaac Dayo Olorunshola
Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ilorin, Nigeria.
Nathan Ahmadu Furo
Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ilorin, Nigeria.
Francis Rotimi Olowoleni
Veterinary Teaching Hospital (VTH), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ilorin, Nigeria.
Mohammed Adam
Department of Veterinary Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ilorin, Nigeria.
Shodeinde Vincent Olu Shoyinka
Department of Veterinary Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ilorin, Nigeria.
Published
2017-07-24
How to Cite
Aiyedun, J. O., Oludairo, O. O., Olorunshola, I. D., Furo, N. A., Olowoleni, F. R., Adam, M., & Shoyinka, S. V. O. (2017). Seroepidemiological survey of bovine brucellosis in selected Fulani Herds in Kwara State, Nigeria. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 4(2), 222-226. Retrieved from https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/JAVAR/article/view/33130
Section
Short Communications