Sero-prevalence of toxoplasmosis in sheep and goats in El-Gadarif state

  • Hamadnalla Babiker Atail
  • Hatim Hamad Ibrahaem
  • Yassir Adam Shuaib
  • Abdelgadir Khalid Mohamed
  • Siham Elias Suliman
  • Salah Hassan Idris
  • Mohamed Abdelsalam Abdalla
Keywords: El-Gadarif, Goats, Sero-prevalence, Sheep, Sudan, Toxoplasmosis

Abstract

Objective: This cross-sectional study was conducted from July to November 2015 to estimate the prevalence of anti-toxopalsma antibodies in sheep and goats in El-Gadarif state.

Material and methods: A total of 400 serum samples comprising of 200 sheep and 200 goats were collected and tested by Toxo-latex agglutination test and indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (iELISA).

Results: The overall sero-prevalence was 52.0% (n=208/400) using Toxo-latex agglutination test and 45.7%(n=42/92) and 27.2%(n=25/92) using iELISA in sheep and goats, respectively. Furthermore, the sero-prevalences among the two investigated species and the two age groups were statistically similar but were different between localities, breeds and sexes. In the univariate analysis, species (P=0.028) and locality (P=0.001) were associated with Toxo-latex agglutination test positive status. Additionally, species (sheep) and locality (Al-Fao, Al-Hawatah, and West El-Gadarif) had increased odds of being Toxo-latex agglutination test positive in the multivariate analysis.

Conclusion: It can be concluded that the prevalence of anti-toxopalsma antibodies is relatively high and there was no between-species variation in sero-positivity. These findings warrant further investigations to estimate the burden of the disease and the likelihood of zoonotic transmission.

http://doi.org/10.5455/javar.2017.d205  

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Author Biographies

Hamadnalla Babiker Atail
El-Gadarif Center for Quarantine, Inspection and Vaccination, Federal Ministry of Animal Resources and Fisheries, Khartoum, the Sudan.
Hatim Hamad Ibrahaem

Veterinary Research Institute, Soba,
PO Box 8067, Khartoum, the Sudan.

Yassir Adam Shuaib

College of Veterinary Medicine, Sudan University of Science and Technology,
PO Box 204, Khartoum North, the Sudan.

Abdelgadir Khalid Mohamed
El-Gadarif Center for Quarantine, Inspection and Vaccination, Federal Ministry of Animal Resources and Fisheries, Khartoum, the Sudan.
Siham Elias Suliman

College of Veterinary Medicine, Sudan University of Science and Technology,
PO Box 204, Khartoum North, the Sudan.

Salah Hassan Idris

Veterinary Research Institute, Soba,
PO Box 8067, Khartoum, the Sudan.

Mohamed Abdelsalam Abdalla

College of Veterinary Medicine, Sudan University of Science and Technology,
PO Box 204, Khartoum North, the Sudan.

Published
2017-07-24
How to Cite
Atail, H. B., Ibrahaem, H. H., Shuaib, Y. A., Mohamed, A. K., Suliman, S. E., Idris, S. H., & Abdalla, M. A. (2017). Sero-prevalence of toxoplasmosis in sheep and goats in El-Gadarif state. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 4(2), 207-213. Retrieved from https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/JAVAR/article/view/33122
Section
Short Communications