Chelating effect of silver nitrate by chitosan on its toxicity and growth performance in broiler chickens

  • Yemdjie Mane Divine Doriane
  • Kana Jean Raphaël
  • Kenfack Augustave
  • Fonou Tadiesse Lavoisier
  • Ngouana Tadjong Ruben
  • Vemo Bertin Narcisse
  • Teguia Alexis
  • Meimandipour Amir
Keywords: Broiler chicken, Chelation, Chitosan, Histology, Silver ion, Toxicity

Abstract

Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the chelating effect of silver nitrate (AgNO3) by chitosan on growth performances, hematological and biochemical parameters, and the histopathological structure of the liver and the kidney in broiler chicken.

Materials and methods: A total of 192 day-old Cobb 500 strain chicks were randomly assigned to 3 treatments of 64 chicks each. Control group was fed on basal diet without supplement (R0) and the two others groups were fed on rations supplemented with 10 mg of unchelated (RAg) or chelated (RCs-Ag) AgNO3 per Kg of feed, respectively. Parameters that have been studied consisted of feed intake, weight gain, blood and serum biochemical, and histopathological analyses of liver and kidney.

Results: Results revealed that chelation of AgNO3 by chitosan did not have any effect on growth performances and hematological parameters in chicken. However, chelated and unchelated AgNO3 increased the serum content in triglyceride, and cholesterol and decreased the serum content in creatinin, albumin and alanine aminotransferase (ALAT). Chelating AgNO3 with chitosan prevented and corrected the toxicity induced on the histological structure of liver and kidney.

Conclusion: Chitosan can be used as a chelating agent to alleviate the harmful effects of AgNO3 as silver ion for poultry.

http://doi.org/10.5455/javar.2017.d210                   

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Author Biographies

Yemdjie Mane Divine Doriane
Department of Animal Productions, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, PO Box: 70 Dschang, Cameroon.
Kana Jean Raphaël
Department of Animal Productions, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, PO Box: 70 Dschang, Cameroon.
Kenfack Augustave
Department of Animal Productions, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, PO Box: 70 Dschang, Cameroon.
Fonou Tadiesse Lavoisier
Department of Animal Productions, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, PO Box: 70 Dschang, Cameroon.
Ngouana Tadjong Ruben
Department of Animal Productions, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, PO Box: 70 Dschang, Cameroon.
Vemo Bertin Narcisse
Department of Animal Productions, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, PO Box: 70 Dschang, Cameroon.
Teguia Alexis
Department of Animal Productions, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, PO Box: 70 Dschang, Cameroon.
Meimandipour Amir
Department of Animal Biotechnology, National Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (NIGEB), Tehran, Iran.
Published
2017-07-24
How to Cite
Doriane, Y. M. D., Raphaël, K. J., Augustave, K., Lavoisier, F. T., Ruben, N. T., Narcisse, V. B., Alexis, T., & Amir, M. (2017). Chelating effect of silver nitrate by chitosan on its toxicity and growth performance in broiler chickens. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 4(2), 187-193. Retrieved from https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/JAVAR/article/view/33117
Section
Original Articles