Seroprevalence of chlamydiosis in Abu Dhabi dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius) and its association with hematobiochemical responses towards the infection

  • Hany A. M. Zaher
  • Ayman Abdel-Aziz Swelum
  • Sawsan A. M. Alsharifi
  • Ayman H. Alkablawy
  • Alaa B. Ismael
Keywords: Biochemistry, Camelus dromedarius, Chlamidya, Hemogram, Seroprevalence

Abstract

Objective: Chlamydiosis is of great global public health, veterinary and economic importance. This study aimed at determining the seroprevalence of chlamydiosis in Abu Dhabi camel (Camelus dromedarius) and its association with hematobiochemical responses towards the infection.

Materials and methods: Blood samples (n=242) were collected from both housed and nomadic herds of camels. Anti-chlamydia antibodies were detected by an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Camels had history of reproductive failure as abortion and repeat breeding. Besides, clinical reproductive examination was done with the camels.

Results: Based on the results of ELISA, the overall seroprevalence of chlamydiosis was 19.59% (n=48/245). The hematological results revealed significant increase in the total hemoglobin concentration (15.65±0.28 gm/dL), hematocrit % (36.65±2.66%), mean corpuscular volume (37.35±0.83 U) and neutrophils % (72.05±0.89%) in the affected camels. The biochemical results revealed significant increase of the levels of alkaline phosphatase (61.50±3.56 IU/I), creatinine kinase (184.00±3.35 IU/I), and aspartate aminotransferase (64.50±3.42 IU/I). Nevertheless, significant reduction in glucose (42.25±1.97 mg/dL), choloride (107.03±0.53 mmol/L), and zinc (43.00±3.36 ug/dL) levels were observed in the affected camels.

Conclusion: Chlamydiosis is prevailing among the Abu Dhabi camel. Chlamydiosis has great effect on the hematobiochemical parameters and reproductive performance of dromedary camels. Affected camels are suffered from reproductive failure manifested by abortion and/or repeat breeder.

http://doi.org/10.5455/javar.2017.d208  

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Author Biographies

Hany A. M. Zaher

Department of Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig 44519, Egypt.

Abu Dhabi Food Control Authority (ADFCA), United Arab Emirates.

Ayman Abdel-Aziz Swelum

Department of Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig 44519, Egypt.

Department of Animal Production, College of Food and Agriculture Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Sawsan A. M. Alsharifi
Abu Dhabi Food Control Authority (ADFCA), United Arab Emirates.
Ayman H. Alkablawy
Abu Dhabi Food Control Authority (ADFCA), United Arab Emirates.
Alaa B. Ismael

Department of Medical Biotechnology, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Taif University, Turrabah, 21995, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. &
Department of Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig 44519, Egypt.

Published
2017-07-24
How to Cite
Zaher, H. A. M., Swelum, A. A.-A., Alsharifi, S. A. M., Alkablawy, A. H., & Ismael, A. B. (2017). Seroprevalence of chlamydiosis in Abu Dhabi dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius) and its association with hematobiochemical responses towards the infection. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 4(2), 175-180. Retrieved from https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/JAVAR/article/view/33115
Section
Original Articles