A cross sectional study of Infectious Bursal Disease and Newcastle Disease in poultry in Narsingdi district of Bangladesh

  • Shariful Islam EcoHealth Alliance, New York, NY, USA, & Department of Pathology and Parasitology, Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (CVASU), Khulshi, Chittagong-4225
  • Ariful Islam EcoHealth Alliance, New York, NY
  • Shahnaj Parvin Moni Department of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, CVASU, Khulshi, Chittagong-4225
  • Md. Saiful Bari Department of Dairy and Poultry Science, CVASU, Khulshi, Chittagong-4225
  • Kamrul Islam Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR), Mohakhali- 1212
  • Shovon Chakma Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR), Mohakhali- 1212
  • Md. Ershad Hossain Department of Anatomy and Histology, CVASU, Khulshi, Chittagong-4225
  • Md. Zannatul Ferdous Siddiqe Department of Dairy and Poultry Science, CVASU, Khulshi, Chittagong-4225
  • Muhammad Belal Hoassain International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), Mohakhali- 1212
  • Sharmin Chowdhury Department of Pathology and Parasitology, CVASU, Khulshi, Chittagong-4225
Keywords: IBD, ND, Post mortem, Prevalence

Abstract

Objective: A cross sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD) and Newcastle Disease (ND) in poultry of Narsingdi district, Bangladesh.

Materials and methods: Post mortem of a total of 208 dead birds were done for the diagnosis purpose. Different poultry species included in this study included broilers, layers, pigeon, duck etc.

Results: Among the examined birds, 38% were found to be affected with IBD, and 11% were affected with ND.  Age of the birds for both IBD (19.95; 95%CI: 16-23) and ND (122.23; 95%CI: 98.62-145.83); and flock size only for IBD (1317; 95%CI: 1175-1460) was found significantly associated. The chicks aging between 16-23 days and flock size between 1175-1460 were found to be the most susceptible group to IBD, and adult poultry (98.62-145.83 days old) was mostly susceptible to ND.

Conclusion: IBD and ND are highly prevalent in the study area. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct effective control measures to reduce the prevalence of these diseases. This study can help in designing appropriate control measures considering risk factors of these diseases.

http://doi.org/10.5455/javar.2016.c181

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Author Biographies

Shariful Islam, EcoHealth Alliance, New York, NY, USA, & Department of Pathology and Parasitology, Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (CVASU), Khulshi, Chittagong-4225
EcoHealth Alliance, New York, NY, USA, & Department of Pathology and Parasitology, Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (CVASU), Khulshi, Chittagong-4225
Ariful Islam, EcoHealth Alliance, New York, NY
EcoHealth Alliance, New York, NY
Shahnaj Parvin Moni, Department of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, CVASU, Khulshi, Chittagong-4225
Department of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, CVASU, Khulshi, Chittagong-4225
Md. Saiful Bari, Department of Dairy and Poultry Science, CVASU, Khulshi, Chittagong-4225
Department of Dairy and Poultry Science, CVASU, Khulshi, Chittagong-4225
Kamrul Islam, Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR), Mohakhali- 1212
Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR), Mohakhali- 1212
Shovon Chakma, Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR), Mohakhali- 1212
Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR), Mohakhali- 1212
Md. Ershad Hossain, Department of Anatomy and Histology, CVASU, Khulshi, Chittagong-4225
Department of Anatomy and Histology, CVASU, Khulshi, Chittagong-4225
Md. Zannatul Ferdous Siddiqe, Department of Dairy and Poultry Science, CVASU, Khulshi, Chittagong-4225
Department of Dairy and Poultry Science, CVASU, Khulshi, Chittagong-4225
Muhammad Belal Hoassain, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), Mohakhali- 1212
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), Mohakhali- 1212
Sharmin Chowdhury, Department of Pathology and Parasitology, CVASU, Khulshi, Chittagong-4225
Department of Pathology and Parasitology, CVASU, Khulshi, Chittagong-4225
Published
2017-02-13
How to Cite
Islam, S., Islam, A., Moni, S. P., Bari, M. S., Islam, K., Chakma, S., Hossain, M. E., Siddiqe, M. Z. F., Hoassain, M. B., & Chowdhury, S. (2017). A cross sectional study of Infectious Bursal Disease and Newcastle Disease in poultry in Narsingdi district of Bangladesh. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 3(4), 406-412. Retrieved from https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/JAVAR/article/view/31524
Section
Original Articles