Surgical management of urinary obstruction in young ruminants by tube cystotomy: A report of 24 cases

  • Palli Ravi Kumar Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, NTR College of Veterinary Science, Gannavaram, AP, 521102
  • Mjlinti Raghunath Department of Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, NTR College of Veterinary Science, Gannavaram, AP, 521102
  • Pentyla Vidya Sagar Department of Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, NTR College of Veterinary Science, Gannavaram, AP, 521102
  • Nunna Veera Venkata Hari Krishna Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, NTR College of Veterinary Science, Gannavaram, AP, 521102
  • Vaddadi Devi Prasad Department of Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, NTR College of Veterinary Science, Gannavaram, AP, 521102
  • Bagadi Sailaja Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, NTR College of Veterinary Science, Gannavaram, AP, 521102
  • Devarapalli Baghyaraj Contract Teaching Faculty, Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, NTR College of Veterinary Science, Gannavaram, AP, 521102
Keywords: Cystorrhexis, Foley’s catheter, Tube cystotomy, Uremia, Urinary acidifiers, Urolithiasis

Abstract

Objectives: To assess the efficacy of tube cystotomy along with medical dissolution of calaculi as a sole strategy for correction of obstructive urolithiasis in young ruminants.

Materials and methods: Young bull calves (n=24; 10 Ongole claves and 14 Murrah buffalo calves) suffering from complete/partial urinary retention aging between 1 to 6 months were treated by tube cystotomy along with oral administration of ammonium chloride dosed at 10 gm/Kg body weight (bwt) orally for 15 days, streptopencillin dosed at 100 mg/10 Kg bwt through intramuscular (im) route for 5 days, and meloxicam dosed at 0.2 mg/Kg bwt through im route for 3 days.

Results: Total 23 (95.83%) out of 24 calves started passing urine normally through the natural orifice 10-15 days postoperatively. None of the recovered animals (n=23) exhibited recurrence of symptoms, establishing the superiority of the technique in resolving the condition.

Conclusion: Tube cystotomy, when performed at an early stage can prevent mortality of calves due to cystorrhexis, uroperitoneum and consequent uremia. This can avoid the painful and most tedious cysto-urethrotomy in young ruminants.

http://doi.org/10.5455/javar.2016.c142

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Abstract
349
PDF
603
Published
2016-07-25
How to Cite
Kumar, P. R., Raghunath, M., Sagar, P. V., Krishna, N. V. V. H., Prasad, V. D., Sailaja, B., & Baghyaraj, D. (2016). Surgical management of urinary obstruction in young ruminants by tube cystotomy: A report of 24 cases. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 3(2), 188-191. Retrieved from https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/JAVAR/article/view/28885
Section
Case Reports