Retrospective study of disease incidence and other clinical conditions diagnosed in owned dogs in Delta State, Nigeria
In Nigeria, knowledge on the epidemiology of
diseases of dogs is limited. A retrospective study of
data from clinical records of six veterinary clinics was
undertaken to determine the incidence of disease in
owned dogs in Delta State, Nigeria from 2012 to 2014.
Association between the diagnosed diseases and the
studied variables was explored using Chi-Squared
test statistics. This study revealed that most of the
conditions presented to the veterinary clinics were
preventable. Thirty-one (31) clinical conditions were
diagnosed from 571 cases recorded, involving
nonspecific (21.6%), infectious (70.9%; P=0.001) and
non-infectious (7.5%) diseases. The most occurring
clinical conditions comprised helminthoses (21.4%),
mange (10.5%), parvovirosis (8.4%), babesiosis (7.9%),
septicemia (7.2%), gastroenteritis (7.0%), myiasis
(7.0%), trauma (6.3%), poisoning (6.0%),
ectoparasitism (3.7%), ascites (2.5%), dermatitis
(2.3%), aural hematoma (1.2%), and orchitis (1.1%).
Disease incidence was highest in Alsatian (40.3%),
mixed/cross (33.1%), Rottweiler (7.0%) and toy breeds
(4.6%). Details on the least occurring diseases and the
association between disease and the studied variables
are given. The outcomes demonstrate the prevalence
of the clinical conditions diagnosed, inadequate
husbandry and veterinary care accorded to owned
dogs in the State. Education of dog owners on
preventive measures is paramount in alleviating
some of these health problems.
Copyright (c) 2015 Kundu F. Shima, Terzungwe M. Tion, Idusiye J. Mosugu, Ternenge T. Apaa
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