Retrospective study of disease incidence and other clinical conditions diagnosed in owned dogs in Delta State, Nigeria

  • Kundu F. Shima Gan-Rovet Animal Hospital Effurun-Warri
  • Terzungwe M. Tion Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agriculture Makurdi
  • Idusiye J. Mosugu Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan
  • Ternenge T. Apaa Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agriculture Makurdi
Keywords: Clinical records, Epidemiology, Dog, Disease, Control, Nigeria

Abstract

In  Nigeria,  knowledge  on  the  epidemiology  of
diseases  of  dogs  is  limited.  A  retrospective  study  of
data from clinical records of six veterinary clinics was
undertaken  to  determine the  incidence  of  disease in
owned dogs in Delta State, Nigeria from 2012 to 2014.
Association between the diagnosed diseases and the
studied  variables  was  explored  using  Chi-Squared
test  statistics.  This  study  revealed  that  most  of  the
conditions  presented  to  the  veterinary  clinics  were
preventable.  Thirty-one  (31)  clinical  conditions  were
diagnosed  from  571  cases  recorded,  involving
nonspecific  (21.6%),  infectious  (70.9%;  P=0.001)  and
non-infectious  (7.5%)  diseases.  The  most  occurring
clinical  conditions  comprised  helminthoses  (21.4%),
mange (10.5%), parvovirosis (8.4%), babesiosis (7.9%),
septicemia  (7.2%),  gastroenteritis  (7.0%),  myiasis
(7.0%),  trauma  (6.3%),  poisoning  (6.0%),
ectoparasitism  (3.7%),  ascites  (2.5%),  dermatitis
(2.3%),  aural  hematoma  (1.2%),  and  orchitis  (1.1%).
Disease  incidence  was  highest  in  Alsatian  (40.3%),
mixed/cross (33.1%), Rottweiler (7.0%) and toy breeds
(4.6%). Details on the least occurring diseases and the
association between disease and the studied variables
are given. The outcomes demonstrate the prevalence
of  the  clinical  conditions  diagnosed,  inadequate
husbandry  and  veterinary  care  accorded  to  owned
dogs  in  the  State.  Education  of  dog  owners  on
preventive  measures  is  paramount  in  alleviating
some of these health problems. 

http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/javar.2015.b115    

 

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Abstract
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Published
2015-12-31
How to Cite
Shima, K., Tion, T., Mosugu, I., & Apaa, T. (2015). Retrospective study of disease incidence and other clinical conditions diagnosed in owned dogs in Delta State, Nigeria. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 2(4), 435-449. Retrieved from https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/JAVAR/article/view/26092
Section
Original Articles