Sarcoptic mange of camel in upper Egypt: Prevalence, risk assessment, and control measures

  • Saber Kotb Department of Animal Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Assiut University, PO Box 71526 Assiut
  • Ahmed Abdel-Rady Department of Animal Medicine (Infectious diseases), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Assiut University, PO Box 71526 Assiut
Keywords: Butox-50, Camel, Doramectin, Environment, moxidectin, Sarcoptic mange

Abstract

This study was designed to reveal out  the  prevalence
of    Sarcoptic  mite  infestation  and  the  risk  factors
associated with occurrence of mange in one-humped
camels  (Camulus  dromedarius)  at  smallholder  farms
in  Upper  Egypt,  and  to  develop  an  applicable
therapeutical  protocol  for  the  Sarcoptic  mange
infested  camels.  A  total  of  660  one-humped  camels
were  randomly  selected  from  different  villages  of
Assiut,  Upper  Egypt.  The  animals  were  undergone
clinical  and  parasitological  examinations.  Skin
scrapings  revealed  that  Sarcoptes  scabiei  var.  cameli
mite  was  present  in  6.06%  (n=40/660)  camels  of  the
area.  Statistical  analysis  of  some  ecological
parameters  showed  that  there  was  significant
relationship  (P<0.05)  between  mite  infestation  in
camels and season, housing management, and use of
acaricides.  On  the  other  hand,  age  and  sex  did  not
significantly  affect  the  prevalence  of  the  disease.
Topical application of moxidectin at 0.5 mg/kg bwt or
subcutaneous  administration  of  doramectin  at  200
?g/kg  bwt,  along  with  treatment  of  animal
environment was found to be the best protocol for the
eradication  and  prevention  of  Sarcoptic  mange  in
camel.  The  findings  of  this  study  indicate  that
Sarcoptes scabiei var cameli is  the preeminent agent
of mange infestation in one-humped camel in Upper
Egypt. Use of acaricides for the treatment of affected
camels, along with  spraying the animal environment
by  insecticides  is  a  effective  protocol  not  only  for
controlling  mange  in  camels  but  also  for  prevention
of re-infestation from the animal environment.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/javar.2015.b109  

 

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Author Biography

Saber Kotb, Department of Animal Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Assiut University, PO Box 71526 Assiut
 
Published
2015-12-31
How to Cite
Kotb, S., & Abdel-Rady, A. (2015). Sarcoptic mange of camel in upper Egypt: Prevalence, risk assessment, and control measures. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 2(4), 410-417. Retrieved from https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/JAVAR/article/view/26089
Section
Original Articles