Sarcoptic mange of camel in upper Egypt: Prevalence, risk assessment, and control measures
This study was designed to reveal out the prevalence
of Sarcoptic mite infestation and the risk factors
associated with occurrence of mange in one-humped
camels (Camulus dromedarius) at smallholder farms
in Upper Egypt, and to develop an applicable
therapeutical protocol for the Sarcoptic mange
infested camels. A total of 660 one-humped camels
were randomly selected from different villages of
Assiut, Upper Egypt. The animals were undergone
clinical and parasitological examinations. Skin
scrapings revealed that Sarcoptes scabiei var. cameli
mite was present in 6.06% (n=40/660) camels of the
area. Statistical analysis of some ecological
parameters showed that there was significant
relationship (P<0.05) between mite infestation in
camels and season, housing management, and use of
acaricides. On the other hand, age and sex did not
significantly affect the prevalence of the disease.
Topical application of moxidectin at 0.5 mg/kg bwt or
subcutaneous administration of doramectin at 200
?g/kg bwt, along with treatment of animal
environment was found to be the best protocol for the
eradication and prevention of Sarcoptic mange in
camel. The findings of this study indicate that
Sarcoptes scabiei var cameli is the preeminent agent
of mange infestation in one-humped camel in Upper
Egypt. Use of acaricides for the treatment of affected
camels, along with spraying the animal environment
by insecticides is a effective protocol not only for
controlling mange in camels but also for prevention
of re-infestation from the animal environment.
Copyright (c) 2015 Saber Kotb, Ahmed Abdel-Rady
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