Incidence of poultry diseases in different seasons in Khushab district, Pakistan

  • Ghulam Abbas Poultry Research Institute, Murree Road, Shamsabad, Rawalpindi
  • Sohail Hassan Khan Poultry Research Institute, Murree Road, Shamsabad, Rawalpindi
  • Mehdi Hassan Poultry Research Institute, Murree Road, Shamsabad, Rawalpindi
  • Sajid Mahmood Poultry Research Institute, Murree Road, Shamsabad, Rawalpindi
  • Salma Naz Poultry Research Institute, Murree Road, Shamsabad, Rawalpindi
  • Syeda Surriya Gilani Poultry Research Institute, Murree Road, Shamsabad, Rawalpindi
Keywords: Bacterial infections, Newcastle disease, Poultry diseases, Viral infections

Abstract

A field study was conducted to determine the prevalence of various poultry diseases in broilers and layers at Khushab district in Pakistan. The prevalence study was conducted in 360 poultry farms. Diagnosis of diseases in poultry was done based on history, clinical signs, post-mortem examination, cultural, and biochemical characterization. Overall, incidence of Newcastle disease (ND) was found as the highest (avg. 7.85%) in broiler, followed by Fowl typhoid (avg. 6.58%), Mycoplasma (avg. 5.68%), Escherichia coli infection (avg. 5.52%), Coccidiosis (avg. 4.59%), Mycotoxicosis (avg. 4.56%), Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD; avg. 2.84%), Infectious coryza (avg. 2.50%), Hydropericardium syndrome (HPS; avg. 1.67%), and Infectious bronchitis (IB; avg. 1.59%). The period during April to June appeared to be comparatively safer for the broilers as low incidence of disease was recorded at this period. In case of layers, incidence of ND was the highest (avg. 7.92%), followed by Fowl typhoid (avg. 6.97%), Mycotoxicosis (avg. 5.52%), Coccidiosis (avg. 4.75%), IBD (avg. 3.17%), Mycoplasmosis (avg. 3.0%), Infectious coryza (avg. 2.52%), Fowl cholera (avg. 1.52%), IB (avg. 0.90k%), E. coli infection (avg. 0.73%), and HPS (avg. 0.46%). For layers, the period during January to March appeared to be safer. In conclusion, diversified diseases are prevalent in both layers and broilers. Thus, proper vaccination practices, brooding arrangements, preventive measures, and biosecurity practices are recommended.

 

http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/javar.2015.b65

 

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Abstract
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PDF
624
Published
2015-05-20
How to Cite
Abbas, G., Khan, S., Hassan, M., Mahmood, S., Naz, S., & Gilani, S. (2015). Incidence of poultry diseases in different seasons in Khushab district, Pakistan. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 2(2), 141-145. Retrieved from https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/JAVAR/article/view/23206
Section
Original Articles