Prevalence of ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) and Theileria annulata antibodies in White Nile State, Sudan

  • Ezeldin Ibrahim Guma Ministry of Animal Resources and Fisheries, White Nile State, Kosti
  • Mohammed Osman Hussien Central laboratory, Ministry of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 7099, Khartoum
  • Diaeldin Ahmed Salih Institute of Veterinary Research, Animal Resources Research Corporation, Khartoum
  • Bashir Salim Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Khartoum, 13314 Khartoum-North
  • Shawgi Mohamed Hassan Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Khartoum, 13314 Khartoum-North
Keywords: Theileria annulata, Tick, TaSP ELISA, Blood smear, Sudan

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of ticks infesting cattle and seroprevalence of Theileria annulata antibodies in White Nile State, Sudan between March to June 2012. Ticks, blood smears (n=105) and serum samples (n=82) were collected from Rabak, Kosti, El Dowaim, El Getaina, El Jabalain, Kenana and El Gezira Aba. Three tick genera and eleven species were identified. The genera belong to Amblyomma, Hyalomma and Rhipicephalus. The species were A. lepidum (810), A. variegatum (7), H. impeltatum (189), H. truncatum (78), H. anatolicum (255), H. dromedarii (19), H. rufipes (338), R. (Boophilus) decoloratus (54), R. (B.) annulatus (56), R. evertsi evertsi (476) and R. sanguineus group (60).  Out of 105 blood smears, 7 (6.7%) were positive for Theileria spp. piroplasms, whereas in ELISA, out of 82 serum samples, 50 (61%) were positive for T. annulata antibodies. It is concluded that there are three tick genera and eleven species infesting cattle in White Nile State and the high prevalence T. annulata antibodies indicates that tropical theileriosis is endemic in the region. Prevalence of Amblyomma spp. implying that heartwater may be endemic in the area.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/javar.2015.b53

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Abstract
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Published
2014-12-22
How to Cite
Guma, E., Hussien, M., Salih, D., Salim, B., & Hassan, S. (2014). Prevalence of ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) and Theileria annulata antibodies in White Nile State, Sudan. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 2(1), 69-73. Retrieved from https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/JAVAR/article/view/21269
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Original Articles