Genetic diversity of native Turkish cattle breeds: Mantel, AMOVA and bottleneck analysis

Authors

  • Yusuf Öz?ensoy Department of Biometrics and Genetics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas
  • Ercan Kurar Department of Genetics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Selcuk University, 42031, Konya

Keywords:

AMOVA, Bottleneck, Cattle, Mantel, Microsatellite

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate potential extinction risk of Turkish native cattle breeds using Mantel and AMOVA tests and Bottleneck analysis. A total of 271 DNA samples were isolated from Anatolian Black, Anatolian Grey, South Anatolian Red, Native Southern Anatolian Yellow, East Anatolian Red, and Zavot cattle. In this study, genotypes of 20 microsatellites were determined by capillary electrophoresis and fragment analysis. A total of 269 different alleles were detected. The maximum and minimum numbers of total alleles were observed in TGLA122 (n=26) and INRA005 (n=7) loci, respectively. The highest average observed and expected heterozygosity values were determined as 0.6190.852 and 0.6690.877, respectively. The average FIS value was 0.068. Results of AMOVA and Mantel tests illustrated statistically significant differences in populations (p<0.001) and correlation (p<0.01). Bottleneck analysis revealed a normal distribution of Lshaped curve indicating that there was no recent risk of extinction for these breeds.

DOI:  http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/javar.2014.a21

Adv. Vet. Anim. Res., 1(3): 86-93, September 2014

 

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Published

2014-07-19

How to Cite

Öz?ensoy, Y., & Kurar, E. (2014). Genetic diversity of native Turkish cattle breeds: Mantel, AMOVA and bottleneck analysis. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 1(3), 86–93. Retrieved from https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/JAVAR/article/view/19616

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Original Articles