Pollen morphology of <i>Verbascum</i> L. (Scrophulariaceae) in Northern and Central Iraq

Authors

  • Muazaz Al-Hadeethy Department of Biology, College of Education-Ibn Al-Haitham, University of Baghdad, Baghdad
  • Athiya Al-Mashhadani Department of Biology, College of Education-Ibn Al-Haitham, University of Baghdad, Baghdad
  • Talib Al-Khesraji Department of Biology, College of Education, University of Tikrit, Tikrit
  • Sahapat Barusrux Centre for Research and Development of Medical Diagnostic Laboratories (CMDL), Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen
  • Hazim Al-Jewari Department of Biology, College of Education-Ibn Al-Haitham, University of Baghdad, Baghdad
  • Piyada Theerakulpisut Applied Taxonomic Research Center, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen
  • Pimwadee Pornpongrungrueng Applied Taxonomic Research Center, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjpt.v21i2.21355

Keywords:

Pollen morphology, SEM, Taxonomy, <i>Verbascum</i>, Iraq

Abstract

The present study highlights the taxonomic values of the pollen features of 20 species of Verbascum L. in Iraq. The pollen grains were acetolysed and observed under Light and Electron microscopes. Our results showed that the pollen grains of these species are usually radially symmetrical, isopolar, tricolporate and display reticulate sculpturing. The variations were found in shape, size, and exine thickness. Most of the species are subprolate, prolate spheroidal, and prolate, whereas oblate spheroidal pollens were found only in V. thapsus. The pollen size among the species studied ranges from 16.2-32.5 µm. The majority of species are medium sized except V. agrimoniifolium and V. oreophilum that are small sized, and four species i.e. V. palmyrense, V. sinuatum, V. songaricum, and V. thapsus having both small and medium sized pollen grains. Moreover, the result showed that the exine thickness ranges from 0.87-4.75 µm, but this value can overlap between some species. Therefore, only the shape of pollen grains could be used to classify these species into groups.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/bjpt.v21i2.21355

Bangladesh J. Plant Taxon. 21(2): 159-165, 2014 (December)

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Published

2014-12-29

How to Cite

Al-Hadeethy, M., Al-Mashhadani, A., Al-Khesraji, T., Barusrux, S., Al-Jewari, H., Theerakulpisut, P., & Pornpongrungrueng, P. (2014). Pollen morphology of <i>Verbascum</i> L. (Scrophulariaceae) in Northern and Central Iraq. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy, 21(2), 159–165. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjpt.v21i2.21355

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