Chemical composition and antimicrobial properties of different basil essential oils chemotypes from Togo

  • Koffi Koba Unité de Recherche sur les Agroressources et la Santé Environnementale, Ecole Supérieure d?Agronomie, Université de Lomé, BP. 1515
  • P. W. Poutouli Département de Biologie Animale et de zoologie, Faculté des Sciences, Université de Lomé, B.P. 1515
  • Christine Raynaud Laboratoire de Chimie Agro-Industrielle, UMR 1010, INRA/INP-ENSIACET, 118, route de Narbonne, 31077 Toulouse cedex
  • Jean-Pierre Chaumont des Sciences Séparatives et Biopharmaceutiques EA 3924, Université de Franche-Comté, Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie, Place Saint-Jacques, 25030, Besançon
  • Komla Sanda Unité de Recherche sur les Agroressources et la Santé Environnementale, Ecole Supérieure d?Agronomie, Université de Lomé, BP. 1515
Keywords: Anethole, Antimicrobial, Essential oils, Estragole, Linalool, Methyeugenol, Ocimum basilicum

Abstract

The aerial parts essential oils of Ocimum basilicum (Lamiaceae) from Togo were steam-distilled and investigated for their percentage composition (GC and GC/MS) and in vitro antimicrobial activities. Five oil chemotypes were identified and classified as follows in line with their principal components: estragole type; linalool/estragole type; methyleugenol type; methyleugenol/t-anethole type; t-anethole type. The in vitro microbiological experiments revealed that only the methyleugenol and methyleugenol/t-anethole chemotypes were active against tested fungi and bacteria. Their minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) ranged from 80 to 150 µL/L and from 200 to 500 µL/L respectively. Likewise, on tested bacteria the MIC varied from 200 µL/L to 400 µL/L and from 250 to 500 µL/L respectively. These findings are supportive of the potential of both basil oil chemotypes for use as active ingredients in natural antibiotic drugs.

 

 

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Published
2008-08-07
How to Cite
Koba, K., P. W. Poutouli, C. Raynaud, J.-P. Chaumont, and K. Sanda. “Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Properties of Different Basil Essential Oils Chemotypes from Togo”. Bangladesh Journal of Pharmacology, Vol. 4, no. 1, Aug. 2008, pp. 1-8, doi:10.3329/bjp.v4i1.998.
Section
Research Articles