Nephroprotective effect of Berberis baluchistanica against gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity in rabbit
Keywords:Berberis baluchistanica, Gentamicin, Nephroprotective
The present study was conducted to explore the protective effect of B. baluchistanica against gentamicin-induced renal toxicity in rabbits. Phytochemical investigations lead to the isolation of berberine and palmatine. The crude hydro-methanolic extract at various doses (100, 200 and 300 mg/kg body weight) elicited strong nephroprotective effects by restoring various biomarkers which were deranged by gentamicin such as creatinine, urea, serum uric acid levels (p<0.001) in plasma and urine output creatinine clearance, urinary protein and γ-glutamyl transferase level (p<0.001) in urine in a dose dependent manner. The mediators involved in oxidative stress such malondialdehyde, reduced glutathione, glutathione peroxidase, and catalase levels were significantly (P˂0.05-0.001) modulated in kidney tissue homogenate. Correspondingly, there is a significant (P<0.05) recovery in kidney weight and % loss in body weight compare to GM group. From these results, it is possible that B. baluchistanica exhibited protective effect mediated through the presence of berberine and palmatine.
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