Ethnopharmacological studies on Chrozophora prostrata in perspective of its folkloric reputation as purgative

  • Usman Arshad Department of pharmacy, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad
  • Khalid Hussain Janbaz Faculty of Pharmacy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan
  • Samra Bashir Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Aga Khan University Medical College, Karachi-74800
  • Najeeb-ur Rehman Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Aga Khan University Medical College, Karachi 74800
  • Malik Hassan Mehmood Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Aga Khan University Medical College, Karachi 74800
  • Anwar Hassan Gilani Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Aga Khan University Medical College, Karachi
Keywords: Chrozophora prostrata, Purgative, Cholinergic, Spasmolytic, K channel opener

Abstract

This study was undertaken to validate the medicinal use of Chrozophora prostrata in constipation. The crude extract of C. prostrata produced laxative effect in mice at 100 and 300 mg/kg, similar to carbachol and castor oil. In spontaneously contracting rabbit jejunum tissues, C. prostrata (0.01-3 mg/mL) exhibited atropine-sensitive spasmogenic effect, which was reproducible in guinea-pig ileum. Interestingly, at high concentrations, C. prostrata showed concentration-dependent inhibitory effect on rabbit jejunum, suggesting the presence of accompanied spasmolytic activity. When tested on induced contractions, C. prostrata completely relaxed low K+-induced contraction, while partially inhibited high K+, similar to cromakalim. Tetraethylammonium pretreatment abolished the relaxant effect of C. prostrata on low K+-induced contractions while glibenclamide caused partial inhibition, suggesting the involvement of some non-specific and ATP-dependent K+ channels. These data show that C. prostrata possesses laxative effect at low doses mediated through cholinergic action followed by the spasmolytic activity at high doses mediated possibly through K+ channel activation. 

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Author Biographies

Khalid Hussain Janbaz, Faculty of Pharmacy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan
Professor
Samra Bashir, Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Aga Khan University Medical College, Karachi-74800

Assistant Professor

Najeeb-ur Rehman, Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Aga Khan University Medical College, Karachi 74800
Research Volunteer
Malik Hassan Mehmood, Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Aga Khan University Medical College, Karachi 74800

Sr. Instructor

Anwar Hassan Gilani, Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Aga Khan University Medical College, Karachi
Professor

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Published
2012-10-26
How to Cite
Arshad, U., K. Janbaz, S. Bashir, N.- ur Rehman, M. Mehmood, and A. Gilani. “Ethnopharmacological Studies on Chrozophora Prostrata in Perspective of Its Folkloric Reputation As Purgative”. Bangladesh Journal of Pharmacology, Vol. 7, no. 4, Oct. 2012, pp. 243-8, doi:10.3329/bjp.v7i4.12351.
Section
Research Articles