A cross sectional study to assess the prevalence of malocclusion in 08-12 years old school age children of the selected urban & rural community of Bangladesh

Authors

  • Faria Tabassum Tanni BDS (Dhaka Dental College), MS (Orthodontics), Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University,Dhaka,Bangladesh https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9518-2035
  • Tanzila Rafique Assistant professor, Department of orthodontics, Faculty of dentistry, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University,Dhaka,Bangladesh
  • Tanjila Akter BDS (Dhaka Dental College), MS (Orthodontics) Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Khanum Huzzatun Nahar Khawla Binta Harun Lecturer, Department of Orthodontics Dhaka Dental College and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  • Gazi Shamim Hasssan Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of dentistry, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical, University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/updcj.v11i2.56071

Keywords:

rural, urban, angle’s classification, malocclussion, overbite

Abstract

Objective: To determine the prevalence of malocclusion in school-age children from a selective area of the urban and rural community of Bangladesh.

Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted among 748 children aged 08-12 years old were examined from October 2019 to September 2020 in Sylhet Sardar Upazila, Bangladesh. Angle”s classification was used for recording molar relationship with malocclusion traits. The study participants were examined by disposable dental tools (calibrated probs and mirror) including torchlight. After the collection of all data, it was compiled and analyzed by Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) Windows version 23. Chi-square test was used for categorical variables. P values <0.05 were considered as statistically significant.

Result: The prevalence of malocclusion in urban school-age children was 237(63.4%) and in rural 213(57.0%).In urban area, the prevalence of malocclusion was 109(58.3%) in boys and 128(68.4%) in girls group. The majority (70.5%) were found Angle’s class I in urban group and 148(69.5%) in rural. One forty three (60.3%) patients were found increased overbite with malocclusion in urban group and 124(58.2%) in rural. Angle’s class-I malocclusion and Increased overbite were the most commonly occurring   malocclusion.

Conclusion: Prevalence of malocclusion was more in urban school age children when compared with rural. Malocclusion was significantly more in girls than boys in both urban and rural area. Angle’s class-I malocclusion and Increased overbite were the most commonly occurring malocclusion of school age children from a selected urban and rural community of Bangladesh.

Update Dent. Coll. j: 2021; 11(2): 10-15

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Published

2021-10-10

How to Cite

Tanni, F. T., Rafique , T. ., Akter , T. ., Khawla Binta Harun, K. H. N. ., & Hasssan , G. S. (2021). A cross sectional study to assess the prevalence of malocclusion in 08-12 years old school age children of the selected urban & rural community of Bangladesh . Update Dental College Journal, 11(2), 10–15. https://doi.org/10.3329/updcj.v11i2.56071

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Original Articles