Mandibular reconstruction: a review

  • Mir Nowazesh Ali Assistant Professor, Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Department Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka
  • Rezwana Binte Anwar Resident, Department of Prosthodontics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka
  • Ruman Banik Medical Officer, Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Department Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka
  • Sajid Hasan Assistant Professor, Ibrahim Medical College Junior Consultant, Department of Dental Surgery, BIRDEM General Hospital, Dhaka
  • Md Raihan Ul Arefin (Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery) Dental Surgeon, Upazilla Health Complex, Chatkhil, Noakhali
  • Md Wares Uddin Associate Professor, Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka
Keywords: Mandibular reconstruction, Bone plates, Bone grafts, Free flaps, Dental prosthetics, Implants, 3D additive manufacturing, Tissue engineering.

Abstract

Mandibular defects may occur from maxillofacial injury, inflammatory disease, benign or malignant tumour resections and osteoradionecrosis. Mastication, speech and facial disfigurement are often severely compromised without reconstruction leading to poor quality of life. The goal of mandibular reconstruction is to restore facial form and function, repair of mandibular continuity and soft tissue reanimation. Implant insertion should be feasible to allow occlusal rehabilitation and if possible the inferior alveolar nerve function should be restored. Mandibular reconstruction principles and techniques have evolved dramatically over the years. Refinements in techniques continue to improve patient quality of life. This paper reviews short history, current techniques and few promising future endevours related to mandibular reconstruction.

Update Dent. Coll. j: 2019; 9 (2): 50-54

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Abstract
545
PDF
185
Published
2019-10-27
How to Cite
Ali, M. N., Anwar, R., Banik, R., Hasan, S., Arefin, M. R., & Uddin, M. W. (2019). Mandibular reconstruction: a review. Update Dental College Journal, 9(2), 50-54. https://doi.org/10.3329/updcj.v9i2.43742
Section
Review Articles